All people are culturally self-centered to a certain degree. Each society and subgroups within societies believe that their beliefs and practices are morally correct and "natural". Different beliefs and practices are seen as "unnatural". For example in the not too distant past, standard American pediatric practice advocated placing infants on their stomachs when sleeping. The European practice of placing infants on their sides or backs was considered "wrong", "out-moded", "traditional", "unnatural" and/or backward. With new research on Infant Sudden Death Syndrome, parents are being educated to position infants on their sides or back with periodic shifting to ensure a clear breathing passage. Ethnocentrism can become harmful when one group of people tries to impose their beliefs and practices on others. Drawing upon the fields of sociology and psychology, see ETHNOCENTRISM- A KEY DETERMINANT IN INTERNATIONAL CORPORATE STRATEGY FORMULATION? (.pdf file) (Adobe Acrobat), by Sinkovics and Holzmuller for a discussion on the impact of ethnocentrism on international business relations.
a tendency to see one's own group as at the centre of things, so that one evaluates other groups only in relation to one's own; having assumptions or preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own race or group
Seeing the world through self-colored glasses, so that your culture always looks best and becomes the pattern everyone else should fit into. By no means is ethnocentrism restricted to the majority culture in a country, but it is a nearly universal tendency among humans.
An attitude that one's own culture, society, or group is inherently superior to all others. Ethnocentrism means an inability to appreciate others whose culture may include a different racial group, ethnic group, religion, morality, language, political system, economic system, etc. It also means an inability to see a common humanity and human condition facing all women and men in all cultures and societies beneath the surface variations in social and cultural traditions.
The feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaption that is superior to all others. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. "...the view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything, and that all other groups are scaled and rated with reference to it.... Each group thinks that its own folkways are the correct ones, and if it observes that other groups have other folkways, these excite its scorn." Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in behavior such as warfare or in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may express itself.
Tendency of members of one cultural group to view the members of other cultural groups in terms of the standards of behavior, attitudes, and values of their own group. The belief that one's cultural, ethnic, professional, or social group is superior to that of others.
The evaluation of another culture employing the standards of one's own culture. Usually this entails seeing one's own world view as being superior to that of others. However, it should be noted that the first encounters with another culture must be made from the observer's perspective; as one learns from the members of the other culture, one can become less ethnocentric.
The feeling that a group’s mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation are superior to those of other groups. It may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or hostility toward members of other groups and is sometimes expressed in discrimination, proselytizing, or violence.
Ethnocentrism or ethnocentricity is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. This term was coined by William Graham Sumner, a social evolutionist and professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University. He defined it as the viewpoint that â€œoneâ€™s own group is the center of everything,â€ against which all other groups are judged.