A condition in which narrowing of the esophagus caused by chronic exposure to acid. It is essentially a scar secondary to chronic inflammation. It may be treated by endoscopic techniques where the esophagus is stretched using either balloons or esophageal dilators. Chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease is not the only cause of esophageal strictures but it is the most common.
Benign esophageal stricture is a narrowing of the esophagus that causes swallowing difficulties. It can be caused by or associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Esophagitis (an infection of the esophagus), Dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter, Disordered motility, or a hiatal hernia.