the period of the revolutionary struggle of the rising bourgeoisie from 1730 to 1789; the name is derived from the fight against obscurantism (Church dogmas and absolutism).
A Buddhist term which means to have grasped the ultimate reality and escaped the endless repetition of birth, life, death and rebirth. A name given to the Age of Reason in the Americas and Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was marked by great advances in science, democracy, industry, human rights and religious tolerance.
The movement, beginning in 18th- century Germany, to broaden the intellectual and social horizons of the Jews to enable them to take their place in Western society. Commonly referred to by the Hebrew term "Haskalah" (related to "intellect"), with its attitude of attraction to general knowledge, secular learning and Western culture.