Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic.
The constant presence of a disease or infectious agent within a given geographic area; it may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease within such area. Hyperendemic expresses a constant presence at a high level of incidence, and holoendemic a high level of prevalence with infections beginning early in life and affecting most of the population, e.g., malaria in some places. (See Zoonosis.)
a disease caused by the health conditions constantly present within a community. It usually describes an infection that is transmitted directly or indirectly between humans and is occurring at the usual expected rate.
describes an animal or plant species that naturally occurs in only one area or region. For example, the redfin darter is a fish endemic to the rivers of the Ozark forests and the Joshua tree is a plant endemic to the Mojave Desert.
Occurring constantly in an area in small numbers, but allowing a switch to large numbers, at which time the population or species is said to be epidemic (adjective); the antonym of endemic. This is the original meaning of the word, dating from the year 1603, and it has been used constantly in this sense by epidemiologists and ecologists since then. Example: yellow fever is endemic (occurring constantly at low population levels but with sporadic epidemics) in South America although it is believed to be native to Africa. Endemic: A misinterpretation by zoogeographers to mean "native to an area and occurring nowhere else." This misinterpretation, although it dates only from 1872, so permeates the literature that it will be hard to eradicate although precinctive was suggested in 1900 as an appropriate alternative. Precinctive is the term preferred here. Endemic: A 20th century misinterpretation of the 19th century misinterpretation of the 17th century word endemic, as meaning native. Endemic: A late 20th century use in which species that occur constantly at low population levels are said to be endemic.
native to and restricted to a particular area or region; in the Galápagos, some species may be endemic to individual islands, others are endemic to the archipelago as a whole, many are indigenous (native but not endemic) or introduced by people.
of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality; "diseases endemic to the tropics"; "endemic malaria"; "food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
Any species which occurs in only one country is said to be endemic to that country. If the species occurs in more than one country, then it is simply a native species, unless introduced from outside its historical range, which is a feral species.
A species or organism with a restricted range and which does not occur anywhere else. Many species in Galapagos are endemic to specific islands or volcanoes. Endemism is the characteristic of being endemic.
(adjective) belonging or native to a particular people or country and thus continuously present at the expected frequency of occurrence; restricted or peculiar to a locality or region (endemic diseases; an endemic species). Synonym=Native. From the French endemique, from Greek en- = in + daemos = people, populace (1759).
belonging to a particular geographic region; a genetically unique life form. In this ecological characterization "endemic" is meant to distinguish plants and animals that occur only in the Hawaiian Islands from plants and animals that occur elsewhere in the Pacific.
(region): A plant or animal species, or a vegetation type, which is naturally restricted to a particular, defined region. This is not the same as the medical definition, which is "occurring naturally in a region" - it is thus often confused with indigenous.
Describes a species (or other unit of classification) that occurs in one particular region in all months of the year, and in all years. For example, the platypus is endemic to southeast Australia, and malaria is endemic to parts of Africa.
the usual existence of a disease in certain areas. For example, malaria is native or endemic in southern India because it always exists in the mosquitoes of southern India and can be transmitted to people.
An endemic disease is one that is always present in the population of a given area, and so can be expected to occur with predictable regularity within that specific region. (See also Epidemic and Pandemic).
a plant or animal which is believed to have evolved in and is confined to an area; for example, a species endemic to the Wet Tropics occurs nowhere else outside the Wet Tropics while a species endemic to Australia can occur in many locations in Australia but it doesn't occur outside Australia
In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek en- in or within + demos people) in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the UK, but malaria is not. Every year, there are a few cases of malaria acquired in the UK, but these do not lead to sustained transmission in the population due to the lack of a suitable vector (mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles).
In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. However, it is also differentiated from indigenous: A species that is endemic is unique to a defined place or region (in other words only found in that place or region) and not naturally found anywhere else, whereas a species that is indigenous to somewhere may be native to other locations as well. Usually the term is applied to a discrete geographical unit, often an island or island group, but sometimes a country, habitat type, or other defined area or zone.
originating where it is found; "the autochthonal fauna of Australia includes the kangaroo"; "autochthonous rocks and people and folktales"; "endemic folkways"; "the Ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan"