A swallowing disorder characterized by difficulty in oral preparation for the swallow, or in moving material from the mouth to the stomach. This definition also includes problems in positioning food in the mouth.
difficulty swallowing, types can include the most common type, delayed/absent initiation of the pharyngeal stage of the swallow, disorders of the pharyngeal stage of the swallow which are the most prevalent type of dysphagia among the CVA population, and types associated with site of lesion including brain stem stroke, subcortical stroke, unilateral left hemisphere stroke, Unilateral Right Hemisphere Stroke, and multiple strokes. Therapy strategies may include Icing, Thermal Stimulation, Sensory Stimulation, Suck-Swallow technique, Chewing, Oral-motor exercises. Posture to facilitate swallow is also utilized for therapy, as is selection of food consistencies and techniques for protecting the airway