Quota - Used in highest average list PR and STV electoral systems to determine how seats are awarded. The threshold is intended to be the lowest vote total that only the winning number of candidates can get. The quota is ascertained by the following formula: total vote divided by the number of seats plus one, then one is added to the product. [Note: If, however, choice voting with fractional transfers is used, the quota is ascertained by the following formula: total vote divided by the number of seats plus one, then a pre-determined small fraction of a whole vote is added to the product (ie: .01 or .001 votes). The addition of this small fraction is intended to ensure that only the desired number of can reach the treshold, while using a whole number would raise the treshold too high. The additional fraction to be used should be determined in advance of the election.