apodeme (of parameral sheath): Parameral sheath extends anteriorly from enclosing the distphallus to two apodemes, the ventral and dorsal apodemes. The dorsal apodeme is often connected to the subepandrial sclerite by a thin membrane. It is usually either reduced or 'T'-shaped in Agapophytinae and Taenogera genus-group Therevidae. In Therevinae it is usually a large single structure totally covering the rest of the aedeagus in dorsal view.
Reference referring to the top surface of a horizontally oriented animal. Dromaeosauridae Clade of saurischian dinosaurs, placed with clades Theropoda, Tetanurae, Avetheropoda, Coelurosauria, Maniraptoriformes, Maniraptora, and Deinonychosauria.
The back surface of an object. In the case of an ammonite the shell generally coils over the dorsal surface, though in heteromorphs this is difficult to see sometimes. Consequently, the dorsal surface of a Single whorl of the shell is the surface towards the centre of the spiral.
When referring to dorsal on a reptile, it means anything that is pertaining to your reptiles back. An example would be the dorsal crest or fin of a basilisk. Meaning that it has a crest or fin on its back.
Pertaining to the back; the twelve thoracic vertebrae are also referred to as dorsal vertebrae. Edema— A condition in which fluid fills a damaged joint area with excessive fluid causing swelling; similar to the swelling of a twisted ankle.
The dorsal is that portion of the spinal column associated with the thorax or chest. Currently referred to as the thoracic vertebrae, the 12 spinal segments of the dorsal vertebrae extend from the neck to the lumbar vertebrae and give attachment to the ribs.