Certain contributions and expenditures to influence federal elections must be reported to a federal authority, usually the Federal Election Commission. The authority then makes these reports available to the public. The FEC, for example, posts the disclosure reports it receives online and makes them available at its office for public inspection.
The requirement that candidates, political parties, and political action committees (PACs) report the amounts and sources of their campaign contributions. Federal candidates must list each contributor's name, address, employer, and occupation. As of 1994, 23 states did not require disclosure of employer and occupation.