DVB / MPEG-2 algorithm that facilitates intra-frame coding, by concentrating the signal energy in only a few coefficients.
Digital Component Technology, a format for component digital video tape recorders with 10-bit sampling and mild compression. Introduced in 1992 by Ampex.
Discrete Cosine Transform. The basic mathematical algorithm employed by most lossy video compression techniques such as MPEG, JPEG, and H.26x. Used to convert data between the spatial domain and the frequency domain.