wars - Wars waged by Christian Europeans in the Middle Ages (from about 1000 - 1300) to reclaim the Holy Land from the Muslims.
campaigns on the part of the "Christian" nations of Europe to liberate Palestine from the hands of the Muslims, 1096-1271. The fervor against the "infidel" Muslims easily spread to Anti-Jewish sentiments. Jewish money was confiscated to help defray the expenses of the Crusades. Jewish communities had to buy "protection" from their "Christian" overlords.
A series of eight military campaigns fought by Western European Christians from 1095-1291 in an effort to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims. The word was later used to describe Christian wars against non-Christians.