The year in which a crop is harvested, as opposed to the marketing year. For wheat, barley, and oats, the crop year is from June 1 to May 31. For corn, sorghum, and soybeans, it is from October 1 to September 30. For cotton, peanuts, and rice, it is from August 1 to July 31.
refers to the date you see on saffron packaging which indicates the date of the harvest from which the saffron originated. The date is usually expressed as two years, i.e. 1997/98, indicating the saffron was harvested in 1997 and then exported in 1998. Since saffron stigmas are harvested late in the year and must be cured (dried) and packaged properly to preserve their chemical properties, it is impossible for them to be collected and shipped in the same year.