a Slavic-speaking country on the Adriatic, part of the Balkan region. It was formerly part of Yugoslavia.
A republic of the former Yugoslavia and a historic Balkan entity. Its national religion has been Roman Catholicism since the time of the Holy Roman Empire. It has demonstrated territorial designs on Bosnia-Herzegovina during the current conflict. However, it has also been intermittently allied with the Bosnian Muslims in resistance to Serbian claims. During World War II Croatia's Ustasa regime exterminated Jews, Gypsies and between 250,000 and 750,000 Serbs. Serbian nationalists have alluded to this fact repeatedly during the current conflict. The use by the newly independent Croatia of the famous checkered flag and other symbols of the Ustasa regime have exacerbated this tension.
a republic in South-East Europe: includes the historical regions of Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia: formerly a part of Yugoslavia. Cap.: Zagreb, Serbo-Croatian, Hrvatska.