A charge filed by a prosecutor against a defendant concerning violation of a criminal law. The act of violating a criminal law is an offense against the community, not a private wrong. Examples of criminal cases include theft and murder.
A lawsuit is called a "criminal case" when it is between the state on one side, as plaintiff, and a person on the other side, as defendant, charging the defendant with committing a crime, the verdict usually being "guilty" or "not guilty" and can result in incarceration.
An action whose purpose is to identify and punish a defendant for an act if committing a crime; criminal acts are wrongs, not only against the victim, but against all society, and as such are prosecuted at public expense in the name of the people.
A case in which a defendant or defendants are charged with committing a crime. The charges are usually submitted by "The State of Minnesota". Criminal case juries must decide whether or not the prosecuting attorney proved the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
The action by a government to penalize a violation of the criminal laws. In Wisconsin criminal cases are filed by the District Attorney when state charges are involved, or by the attorney for a city or county when county or municipal ordinances are involved. Criminal cases must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt for a conviction.
A lawsuit is called a criminal case when the government (State of Arizona) is the plaintiff, and a person or persons on the other side (defendant(s)), are alleged to have violated a standard of conduct defined by the law as a crime.
A criminal case involves a felony or a misdemeanor crime. A crime is a positive or negative act in violation of treaties, statutes, and regulations pursuant to statutes. A criminal case must prove the elements of the crime charged.