A Chinese teacher and scholar, most aptly thought of as a wise man or sage. He was born about 551 B.C.E. and died around 479. He taught a system of behavior (ethics) and belief which drew upon and transformed Chinese social tradition. Teaching by proverbs, stories and aphorisms, he provided the basis for Chinese social morality for over two millenia, essentially from the time of his death until the twentieth century. His teachings spanned the breadth of possible social interaction from that of individuals and family to local communities to nations and governments.