Any internment camp for holding "enemies of the Third Reich." The construction of concentration camps began almost immediately after Hitler gained power in Germany. There were several kinds: labor camps, prison camps and death camps.
Camps established in the beginning of the Nazi regime to for imprisonment and forced-labor of "enemies" of the Reich, political and "anti-social," as well as Jews. Disease, maltreatment and starvation led to many deaths, as did direct executions.
a type of prison where various sorts of political victims (in the Holocaust it was primarily Jews, but also communists, gypsies, homosexuals, and other groups picked by the Nazis), are confined under extremely harsh conditions
The general term applied to prison camps implemented by the Nazis, located in Germany and throughout Nazi-occupied Europe. Camps served various functions, including extermination, slave labor, and transit.
A prison camp where the Nazis sent people considered by them to be dangerous. Although these camps were officially considered labor camps, the people in them were not expected to survive. Prisoners were worked to death or starved to death. Over 100 of these camps existed. The larger camps included Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Belzec, Chelmno, Dachau, Maidanek, Sobibor, Treblinka.
(un camp de concentration) A camp where political enemies, prisoners of war and interned foreigners are held. The Nazis relocated Jews, gypsies, resistance fighters and other groups considered a threat to the Nazis in concentration camps. The camps were severely overcrowded and prisoners suffered from malnutrition and sickness. Prisoners of the concentration camps were frequently abused and killed. Six concentration camps were also death camps, centers of murder and extermination: Auschwitz, Treblinka, Sobibor, Majdanek, Chelmo and Belzec.
Concentration camps were prisons used without regard to accepted norms of arrest and detention. They were an essential part of Nazi systematic oppression. Initially (1933-36), they were used primarily for political prisoners. Later (1936-42), concentration camps were expanded and non-political prisoners--Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and Poles--were also incarcerated. In the last period of the Nazi regime (1942-45), prisoners of concentration camps were forced to work in the armament industry, as more and more Germans were fighting in the war. Living conditions varied considerably from camp to camp and over time. The worst conditions took place from 1936-42, especially after the war broke out. Death, disease, starvation, crowded and unsanitary conditions, and torture were a daily part of concentration camps.
Place in which prisoners of the state are kept. In Germany, concentration camps began as an instrument of intimidation for political opponents of the Nazis and because the prisons were full. Later, they became a standing weapon of terror. Ultimately, over 100 camps were set up where people were "concentrated," that is, kept in one place. While they were related to the labor and death camps, they were not the same. Probably millions of people died in the concentration camps, but they were not set up as death camps like Treblinka, Sobibor, and Auschwitz II (Birkenau). Auschwitz I was the concentration camp of the Auschwitz complex.