The Ten Commandments - the moral commands or laws given by God to Moses on Mt. Sinai / The first three are regarding the love and true worship of God and the remaining seven are regarding love and justice to our neighbor. "I am the Lord thy God, you shall not have strange gods before Me" "You shall not take the Name of the Lord, thy God, in vain" "Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day" "Honor your father and your mother" "You shall not kill" "You shall not commit adultery" "You shall not steal" "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor" "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife" 10) "You shall not covet your neighbor's goods" The Two Great Commandments - encompasses The Ten Commandments, but are broken down into Two Great Commandments given by Jesus Christ, Himself - Mark 12:29-31 First - The Lord thy God is one God. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind and with thy whole strength Second - Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
The Torah instructions, the rabbis counted 613 commandments in all -- these include the decalogue (aka 'ten commandments).
(Hebrew mitzvot; sing, mitzvah) Orders given by God; God gave Ten Commandments as the core of the covenant on Mount Sinai, and a multitude of other moral and cultic laws; according to rabbinic Jewish tradition, there are 613 religious commandments referred to in the Torah (and elaborated upon by the rabbinic sages); of these, 248 are positive commandments and 365 are negative; the numbers respectively symbolize the fact that divine service must be expressed through all one's bodily parts during all the days of the year; in general, a mitzvah refers to any act of religious duty or obligation; more colloquially, a mitzvah refers to a "good deed."