a dispute between two or more parties in which the first party, called the plaintiff, accuses the second party, called the defendant, of violating some rule of civil law which has caused injury or damage to the plaintiff
a lawsuit brought by a party (the plaintiff) against another party (the defendant) claiming that the defendant failed to carry out a legal duty owed to the plaintiff and that the defendant's breach of duty caused financial or personal injury to the plaintiff. Usually, the purpose of bringing the case is to get a court order for the defendant to pay for damages suffered by the plaintiff.
A lawsuit is called a "civil case" when it is between persons in their private capacities; or when the government sues an individual under the law, as distinguished from prosecuting a criminal charge. It results generally in a judgment for the plaintiff or for the defendant and, in many cases, involves the giving or denying of damages.
a court proceeding which involves legal issues between individuals/organizations/governments; court proceedings other than criminal matters; may or may not refer to cases involving family law disputes;
noncriminal lawsuit. The outcome of such case usually are judgments declaring that the defendant must pay the plaintiff an amount if money; or the court issues a injunction compelling the defendant to perform, or abstain from performing, a specific action.
A lawsuit among individuals or organizations for determination, enforcement, and/or protection of a right, or for the correction and/or prevention of a wrong. For a plaintiff to win a civil case the case must be proved by a preponderance of the evidence.
A civil case involves a trespass or civil wrong against a person or corporation. A civil case can be proven upon a preponderance of evidence, whereas a crime must be "proven beyond a reasonable doubt."
A noncriminal lawsuit, usually involving private property rights. For example, lawsuits involving breach of contract, probate, divorce, negligence and copyright violations are just a few of the many hundreds of varieties of civil lawsuits.