Form of sociopolitical organization intermediate between the tribe and the state; kin-based with differential access to resources and a permanent political structure. A rank society in which relations among villages as well as among individuals are unequal, with smaller villages under the authority of leaders in larger villages; has a two-level settlement hierarchy.
a form of sociopolitical organization society that operates on the principle of ranking, i.e. differential social status. It intermediates between the tribe and the state.
a hierarchically organized society that lacks the strong central governmental apparatus characteristic of a true state