a mapping from the numbers of one or more coded character sets to sequences of one or more fixed-width code units
character encoding form plus byte serialization. There are five character encoding schemes in Unicode: UTF-8, UTF-16BE, UTF-16LE, UTF-32BE, and UTF-32LE.
A rule that assigns numbers (character codes) to all characters in a character set. Encoding scheme, encoding method, and encoding also mean character encoding scheme.