(Chinese, Buddhism; "Zen" in Japanese) This Chinese and Japanese form of Buddhism advocated the practice of meditation above studying scriptures to understand the Ultimate Truth. Ch'an was first brought to China by Bodhidharma around 520 C.E.
The Chinese word for Dhyana (Sanskrit) meaning absorption meditation. A sect of Chinese Buddhism founded by Bodhidharma, a learned monk from India, the 28th Patriarch. The aim of this sect is Sudden Enlightenment and the direct pointing at the mind for the perception of Self-Nature and the attainment of Buddhahood.