Definitions for "Brain Injury"
Keywords:  trauma, traumatic, gunshot, tbi, insult
Damage or trauma to the brain. The extent of the damage is often influenced by the age of the person at time of injury and the sections of the brain that are affected.
There are two types of brain injuries. Non-traumatic brain injury results when the supply of blood or oxygen to the brain is interrupted for reasons other than trauma, such as brain tumors, strokes, infections, near drowning, and some neurological disorders. In traumatic brain injury (TBI), the blood or oxygen disruption results from injuries such as motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports accidents, assaults, and gunshot wounds to the head.
(1) closed head injury (CHI), which is caused by rapid acceleration and deceleration of the head during which the brain bounces off the inside of the skull; (2) open head injury (OHI), caused by car accident, gunshot wound, or other external factor
A disability category added for eligibility under IDEA.