The most dominant force in Contemporary Design, with the shortest life span. German Architect and Designer Walter Gropius was the founder. He combined two schools, the Art Academy and the school of Arts and Crafts of Weimar in Germany in 1919. The school was noted for a program that synthesised technology, craftsmanship and design aesthetics. Like the Arts and Crafts Movement before it, the Bauhaus aimed to reform the making of everyday objects, but rather than rejecting technology and the machine, they embraced industrial production.
The architecture, design, craft, and fine art school established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919, transferred to Dessau in 1925, and finally moved to BERLIN IN 1932. It closed in 1933 under increasing political interference. Its influence was worldwide, providing the most coherent statement of architectural modernism, primary through functionalist principles.
German art school in existence from 1919 to 1933, best known for its influence on design, leadership in art education, and a radically innovative philosophy of applying design principles to machine technology and mass production.