Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: AzÉ™rbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: AzÉ™rbaycan RespublikasÄ±), is a country in the South Caucasus. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (an exclave of Azerbaijan) borders Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest.
Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan, also Iranian Azarbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan, or Persian Azarbaijan (Persian: Ø¢Ø°Ø±Ø¨Ø§ÛŒØ¬Ø§Ù† Ø§ÛŒØ±Ø§Ù†; Ä€zÄrbÄijÄn-e IrÄn; Azarbaijani language: Ø¢Ø°Ø±Ø¨Ø§ÛŒØ¬Ø§Ù†), is a region in northwestern Iran and south of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The region is sometimes called Southern Azarbaijan or South Azerbaijan (Azarbaijani language: Ú¯ÙˆÙ†ÙŠ Ø¢Ø°Ø±Ø¨Ø§ÛŒØ¬Ø§Ù†, GÃ¼ney AzÉ™rbaycan) Encyclopaedia Iranica: "Azerbaijan", viii "Azerbaijan Turkish", Doerfer, G. page 246, (http://www.iranica.com/newsite/search/searchpdf.isc?ReqStrPDFPath=/home1/iranica/articles/v3_articles/azerbaijan/azeri_turkish&OptStrLogFile=/home/iranica/public_html/logs/pdfdownload.html LINK)Brown, Cameron S. 2002 (Dec.). "Observations from Azerbaijan."