Memory that can be referenced by content, as opposed to location. Hopfield networks will act as associative memories when trained with the Hebbian learning rule.
Memory that can be referenced by content, rather than by location.
a memory in which each storage location is selected by its contents and then an associated data location can be accessed. Requires a comparator with each storage location and hence is more complex than random-access memory. Used in fully associative cache memory and in some translation lookaside buffers. Also called content addressable memory. [SILC99