A 19th century movement, led by William Morris and his artist and designer companions in England, which sought to challenge increasing industrialization by reintroducing the medieval concepts of craftsmanship.
(1890-1920) is the Art movement influenced by the philosophical writings of John Ruskin and William Morris, who spoke out against the poor-quality goods produced by the Industrial Revolution. The Arts & Crafts movement focused primarily on the artisan and the process of creation. This anti-industrial philosophy was adopted by C.R Ashbee in England, who was the first to establish the guild of handcrafters that specialized in jewelry and metalsmithing. The key design components of Arts & Crafts jewelry are related to nature or historical elements, such as Celtic designs, and have a decidedly hand-made quality. Materials are usually non-precious, including silver, brass copper with the occasional use of gold, enamel and semi-precious stones.
Movement for the reform of the applied arts that emerged in Great Britain in the second half of the nineteenth century on the initiative of Walter Crane and the support of William Morris. Their goal was to correct the decline in the quality and attractiveness of ordinary objects created by industrial production. The theory behind this movement was based on the ideas of John Ruskin, who called for a return to the handicrafts methods and social organization of the Middle Ages.
A style of architecture in England in the 1880s which valued hand-craftsmanship and use of natural materials. Buildings and decoration must show that they are handmade, and not by machines. It was influenced by the writings of John Ruskin. Designers included; Morris & Co., William Morris, Philip Webb, William Lethaby and Norman Shaw.
Also commonly known as Mission style. This style was popular from the late 1800's through the 1920's. The Arts and Crafts movement was a reaction against the mass-produced and ornate Victorian furniture of that time.
A movement that began in Britain in the late 1880s promoting craftsmanship and industrial reform, encouraging a return to medieval guild values, and emphasizing the benefit of craft for social and moral well-being; an attempt to create a vernacular tradition in opposition to industrialization; led by A.W.N. Pugin, John Ruskin and William Morris; British Arts & Crafts artists also include C.F.A. Voysey and Charles R. Ashbee; the movement spread to the United States in the late 1890s and early 1900s where it was led by Gustav Stickley who sought to unify the designer and the workman and create works that were simple in form, useful and well-constructed; American Arts & Crafts artists include Stickley, Greene & Greene, and Dirk van Erp.