term used to distinguish small number of perfect example prints from an edition. Usually extra 10% not included in the total number in a limited edition. Usually property of the artist and numbered in Roman numerals. [see EDITION [LIMITED
An Artist's Proof is one outside the regular edition, but printed at the same time or after the regular edition from the same plates without changes. By custom, the artist retains the A/Ps for his personal use or sale. Typically, 10% of the edition total is designated as A/P, or in the case of a small edition, five graphics are usually so designated.
These are the copies of the final proofs that the artist signs as they are getting the colours and tonal values correct before commencing the print run itself. More commonly seen in intaglio and screen processes, as in litho (on a commercial level) they are approved before printing starts. This is enabled more now, as with computer technology, a lot of the proofing will be done on an inkjet printer that emulates the press colours. See also Proofing.