Definitions for "Aquinas"
Thomas (1225-1274): Italian theologian, the main Scholastic philosopher of the 13th century (see Albertus Magnus). His school, called Thomism, borrowed many concepts from Aristotle and Avicenna.
(Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225-1274)
(1225? - 1274) Saint Thomas Aquinas was an Italian theologian and philosopher known for his allegorical interpretations of scripture and his reconciliation of Aristotle and Christianity. He argued that reason is able to operate within faith yet according to its own laws, so he saw some division between faith and reason.