An intaglio process which products smooth gradations of value. The printing plate is coated with a finely powdered resin prior to immersion in an acid bath, the lighter areas are stopped out with an acid resist. The darker areas, given longer exposure to the acid, print as darker than those areas given a shorter exposure time.
method in which porous, acid-resistant ground is applied to metal plates for tonal effects. acid bites into the plate around the fine rosin particles. areas can be stopped out and re-etched for different tonal effects. helio-gravure: photomechanical intaglio printing process; the older method of photogravure. offset printing: method of printing in which the image is transferred from the plate onto an intermediary, such as a roller, and then onto paper, resulting in a final printed image that is not reversed.
An intaglio technique that produces effects similar to a watercolor wash, creating both even tones and/or tones with gradation or blending effects. The process entails adhering fine particles of resin to a metal plate as an acid resist. After the plate has been treated in an acid bath, the acid-resistant material is removed. The resulting etched, or bitten, surface is composed of textured areas rather than lines. Aquatint is often used in combination with other intaglio techniques.
An intaglio process. Particles of powdered resin are adhered to a metal plate with heat, either before or after etching the lines. When the plate is treated with acid, the acid corrodes it, leaving tiny depressions around each granule that retain ink when the plate is wiped. Treating ( stopping out) some areas with varnish may vary the effect. Aquatints have broad tonal values and are thought to resemble ink or watercolor washes.
A print resembling a watercolour that is produced from a copper plate etched with nitric acid; An intaglio printmaking process in which the value areas rather than the lines are etched on the printing plate. Powdered resin is sprinkled on the plate and heated until it adheres and the plate is then immersed in an acid bath where the acid bites around the resin particles creating a rough surface that holds ink.
A process of intaglio printing which gives finely granulated tonal areas in monochrome or color. A metal plate is powdered with acid-resisting resin, fused by heating, and is then placed in a bath of acid which bites between the resin particles to produce an evenly pitted surface. The longer the acid works on the plate, the darker the grey on printing. The design is drawn, and the tones are varied, by brushing the plate with varnish, a process known as stopping out. The aquatint, frequently combined with linear etching, was perfected by the second half of the 18th century and has been used most notably by Goya and Degas.
An intaglio printmaking process in which value areas rather than lines are etched on the printing plate. Powdered resin is sprinkled on the plate and heated until it adheres. The plate is then immersed in an acid bath. The acid bites around the resin particles, creating a rough surface that holds ink. Also, a print made using this process.
Fine particles of acid-resistant resin are deposited on the plate and heated so they adhere to the surface. The plate is immersed in acid which bites into the plate in tiny pools around each particle. The tiny depressions retain the ink and when printed give the effect of a soft grain similar to watercolor.
PRINT made by an etching process invented in the 1760s that enables several tones of varying intensity to be produced. Tiny particles of resin are dusted onto the metal printing plate and fused on by heat. Areas not to be printed are coated with a special varnish. The plate is exposed to acid which bites into the exposed metal, producing tonal areas like those of an ink or wash drawing when printed.
is a printing process that produces tone rather than line. The traditional method involves dusting a metal plate with an acid-resistant compound, usually resin. Warming the plate fuses the resin to the surface. When the plate is immersed in an acid bath, the acid eats away the exposed metal particles, producing a pitted surface that, when inked and printed, creates a distinctive textured, grainy appearance. Cottingham often combines aquatint and etching, as in his Rolling Stock series.
An intaglio method of printing in which half tone gradations are created by etching around bonded grains of resin. This produces a pitted plate that can, when printed, result in highly painterly effects, much like a watercolor.
An etching technique that creates areas of tone by applying a fine acrylic spray to the plate before it is bitten in acid. This gives finely textured areas whereby tonal value is dependent on how long the plate has been exposed to the acid.
An intaglio process of printmaking that uses acid to etch an image into a metal plate. The resulting print is made up of tones of grey, appearing as areas of speckled dots, rather than solid lines and shapes. These grey tones are what make the aquatint unique among etchings.
A form of intaglio in which the metal plate is dusted or covered with acid-resisitant powder (rosin or asphaltum). Areas not covered by the coating when the plate is immersed in acid are etched, creating a pitted or grainy surface. These tonal areas can be further manipulated and are often used in conjunction with line etching.
The process by which a powdered substance (such as rosin) is adhered to a metal plate, and the plate is then etched in an acid-bath. The resulting print (aquatint) is characterized by a transparent, soft effect, resembling a watercolor.
A method of printmaking in which tonal areas, ranging from a light gray to a deep black, rather than lines are created on a metal plate. The print made from that plate resembles a drawing done with watercolor washes.
is a tonal printing process. The preparation for aquatint consists of a porous ground, usually created by sprinkling powdered rosin liberally and evenly over a copperplate and then heating the plate from below to liquefy the powder and fuse it to the copper. When this prepared copperplate is dipped into an acid etching bath, the minute irregularities in the ground allow the acid to bite into the plate in an overall pattern that, when inked, prints as tone.
A process of achieving tone by etching a plate covered with a fine resin dust. The white areas of the design are stopped out with varnish and when the plate is immersed in acid it is only bitten between each particle of dust. When the etching is completed, dust and varnish are removed and the plate is then inked and printed.
In aquatint, the artist paints the plate with aqua fortis, an acid. The acid eats into the metal, roughening it and making it better able to hold ink. The longer the acid remains on the plate, the darker the print will be in that region. This method produces prints that look very similar to paintings done with water colors or India ink.
A printing process where a granulated resin or other substance allows an acid to create small dots on a metal plate. By repeating the process, the resulting print resembles a wash drawing or watercolor.
A print produced by the same technique as an etching, except that the areas between the etched lines are covered with a powdered resin that protects the surface from the biting process of the acid bath. The granular appearance that results in the print aims at approximating the effects and gray tonalities of a watercolor drawing.
is an etching process for the creation of tonal shaded artwork. Small grains of resin is sprinkled on the surface of the plate and fixed by heating. The plate is then placed in an acid bath where the resins protect its surface, so the acid only takes to the places between the grains. This results is tiny pits that will hold ink creating a granular tone. When printed the large number of tiny spots create a textured area with tonal effects close to that of a watercolor wash.
A process of etching capable of producing several tones by varying the etching time of different areas of a copper plate so that the resulting print resembles the flat tints of an ink or wash drawing. Prints are produced by the same technique as an etching, except the areas between the etched lines are covered with a powdered resin that protects the surface from the biting process of the acid bath.
A "wet" technique for creating tones using the action of acid on a metal plate. The area to be treated is sprayed or sprinkled with a resin or paint particles which partially protect portions of that surface. The acid etches the areas not protected, resulting in a textured printing surface.
An etching technique that creates subtle, solid areas of tone similar to those found in watercolor painting. Fine particles of resin are applied to a copper plate, heated to melting and then immersed in an acid bath thereby creating a grainy texture over the plate's surface where smooth painted areas of color are desired. Different granule sizes combined with the length of immersion in acid create different tones.
etching technique allowing control of tonal areas to produce almost unlimited gradations from pale gray to black. Because of this it has also been used in photography as an alternative term for gum bichromate process.
An etching technique that creates areas of tone through the use of powdered resin that is sprinkled on the etching plate prior to being bitten by the etching acid. The result is a finely textured tonal area whose darkness is determined by how long the plate is bitten by the acid.
Aquatint is a form of printing that is carried out by sprinkling a resin or bitumen dust on a copper/zinc plate and then melting it. The areas to remain white are â€œstopped outâ€ (i.e. covered with an acid resistant varnish) and the plate immersed in acid. This creates the lightest tone. Next, areas to remain the lightest tone are stopped out and the plate immersed again for a darker tone and so on. The printer cannot achieve pure black with this method. It is possible to achieve a watercolour wash effect when stopping out with a brush. The Aquatint printing method is often combined with etching.
Literally means "like a water color." Instead of lines being bitten by the acid bath, whole areas are exposed to the acid. The area is first prepared with a resin, usually in a powdered form, which is dusted on an area, heated from below the plate to make it adhere, and then given an acid bath to bite the tiny areas not covered by the melted resin. The final effect is an image on a finely pebbled background which retains ink when applyed and wiped. Most often the technique is used with line etching or engraving.
an intaglio process for creating an even tonal field by etching around particles of resin or other acid resistant material. Aquatint can produce effects of velvety smoothness or of rough stubble depending upon the distribution and size of the particles used.
An intaglio, etching and tonal printing process in which a process in which a porous ground allows acid to penetrate to form a network of small dots in the plate, as well as the prints made by this process. Aquatint often resembles wash drawings.
A print processed like an etching, except that the ground or certain areas are covered with a solution of asphalt, resin, or salts which, when heated, produces a granular surface on the plate and rich gray tones in final print. Etched lines are usually added to the plate after the aquatint ground is laid.
An etching process in printmaking in which tone is created by treating a plate with fine particles of acid-resistant material (like powdered resin) and then placing the plate in an acid bath. The acid bites into the plate between the grains of resin and, when printed, the mass of tiny spots produces a textured area with tonal effects similar to watercolor wash.
An etching process in which areas of a metal plate are dusted with fine, acid-resistant particles such as powdered resin. The uncovered areas are then bitten away by acid to create a granular surface that produces soft, tonal effects.
An etching plate treated with porous ground of rosin, then heated, cooled, and etched. Leaving a distribution of tone where the acid has bitten between the grains of rosin. The aquatint process can be used to produce a range of tones.
Printing technique capable of producing unlimited tonal gradations to re-create the broad flat tints of ink wash or watercolor drawings by etching microscopic crackles and pits into the image on a master plate, typically made of copper or zinc. The majority of Spanish artist Goya's (1746-1828) graphic works were done using this technique.