England broke with the Roman Catholic Church in 1534 when Henry VIII wanted a divorce from Catherine of Aragon. The new Anglican Church was little changed from Roman Catholicism except for divorce and the replacement of the Pope by the English monarch as the head of the church. (One year later, a Johannes Ackstyl was forced out of the Gatesdon Monastery and he converted to the new church.) The next few English monarchs switched back and forth between the Anglican and the Catholic churches. By the time of the Puritans, England had settled on the Anglican Church as the one true church, but the Puritans thought both churches were too ritualistic and so created a new division in the church. The Puritans instituted some changes while they were in control of England under Oliver Cromwell from 1649 to 1660 and many of the changes stayed even after the Restoration.