Driving forest management with scientific research. This requires excellent monitoring, and feed back loops to quickly put new knowledge into practice on the ground.
Flexible management that views attempts to solve problems as experiments, analyzes failures to see what went wrong, and tries to modify and improve an approach before abandoning it. Because of the inherent unpredictability of complex systems, it often uses the precautionary principle as a management tool. See precautionary principle.
The integration of design, management, and monitoring to systematically test assumptions in order to adapt and learn.