The effectiveness with which the individual meets the standards of personal independence and social responsibility expected of his or her age and cultural group. An assessment of a child's adaptive behavior is a required component of the mental retardation eligibility category.
Rule 340.1701a of the Michigan Department of Education's Revised Administrative Rules for Special Education (November 2002) defines “adaptive behavior” as a student's ability to perform the social roles appropriate for a person of his or her age and gender in a manner that meets the expectations of home, culture, school, neighborhood, and other relevant groups in which he or she participates.
Refers to one's ability to be socially appropriate and personally responsible. This includes, for example, communication, self-care, home living, social skills, community use, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work.
Adaptive behavior is a type of behavior that is used to adapt to another type of behavior or situation. This is often characterised by a kind of behavior that allows an individual to substitute an unconstructive or disruptive behavior to something more constructive. These behaviors are most often social or personal behaviors.