Art of geomancy.
Local efforts involving city government, the business community, residents and other stakeholders to identify and revitalize underutilized public spaces. The process upgrades existing public spaces through small-scale, short-term projects such as traffic calming, pedestrian improvements and street furniture.
Placemaking is a term that began to be used beginning in the 1970s by architects and planners to describe the process of creating squares, plazas, parks, streets, and waterfronts that will attract people because they are pleasurable or interesting. Placemaking is often characterized by a focus on human activities and community involvement. Landscape often plays an important in the design process.