Brazil. Derived from a folk dance in the north east of Brazil (Ceará, Maranhão, and Bahia), the baião is played by a small group consisting of guitar, piccolo flute, and rhythm section. Melodies tend to be in the mixolydian or lydian b7 modes. (th)
(buy own) is a popular style from the Northeast of Brazil. It was created in 1946 by Luis Gonzaga who used elements from older folkloric rhythms and combined them with modern instrumentation of Zabumba (bass drum) triangle and accordion. Baiao is a raucous party music sometimes played all night. Tempo ranges from moderate to very fast. The term Forro (foh hoh) is often used to refer to the Baiao rhythm, along with other related styles such as Xaxado (zha zha doh) and Coco ( coh coh). Well known percussionist Airto Moreira often uses the Baiao rhythm in his compositions. Baiao is sung in Portuguese.
popular rhythm from north-eastern Brazil.
Dance and rhythm typical of Northern/Northeastern Brazil, where pace and melody have a strong syncopation. Typical instruments include the accordion, zabumba (a wide drum) and triangle (an instrument of percussion) Together with bossa nova, Baião is the most prominent Brazilian rhythm abroad; note that Pop-rocks rhythmic pace has a lot of Baião in it. For instance, pay attention to the drum beat of "Save The Last Dance For Me" by the Drifters, "Hound Dog" by Elvis, "She Loves You" by the Beatles, and "Do You Know The Way To San Jose" by Burt Bacharach.
One of many rhythms of the African-influenced Northeast of Brazil, the baiáo became popular in Rio de Janeiro around 1950 as a reaction against the increasingly international popular music of the time. Its most famous exponent, Luis Gonzaga, made the accordion-led regional group extremely popular. A few U.S. jazzmen experimented with the baiáo in the early 1950s, but it was too unsuccessful to be called a bridge between the samba and the bossa nova.