wikipedia: a psychological term describing the uncomfortable tension that may result from having two conflicting thoughts at the same time, or from engaging in behavior that conflicts with one's beliefs.
When there is a contradiction between two attitudes or between some attitude and behavior. go to glossary index
A conflict between observations, as when a sound has the timbre of a close listening seat but the perspective of a distant one.
tension that comes from one belief being in conflict with another.
a drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being caused by holding two or more inconsistent cognitions and subsequently defined as being caused by performing an action that is discrepent from one's customary, typically positive self-conception
A theory developed by Leon Festinger in the 1950's to describe how humans have an innate need to reduce the perception of conflict between different thoughts or concepts.
Cognitive dissonance is an customer effect commonly observed after a major purchase whereby the customer feels uncertainty about whether the purchase should have been made. Post-purchase promotion (particularly advertising) has a role to play to reduce the incidence and effect of cognitive dissonance
An uncomfortable psychological state resulting from differences between expectations and experience. In the context of product marketing, cognitive dissonance arises when a buyer's experience of the performance of a product fails to match up to prior expectations of the performance of that product.
Changing your perceptions to match your circumstances. E.g. a religious group expected the world to end on a certain day. When it didn't happen, they decided that their faith had saved the world.
individual awareness of inconsistencies in thoughts, feelings, rationale and opinions. OGNITIVE FUNCTION - an intellectual process by which a person becomes aware of, perceives or understands ideas.
An emotional state set up when two simultaneously held attitudes or cognitions are inconsistent or when there is a conflict between belief and overt behaviour. Cognitive dissonance occurs when evidence shows that our assumptions have been wrong. We try to avoid such information, or distort it, and we try to avoid action that highlights the dissonance.
An inconsistency among some experiences, beliefs, attitudes, or feelings. According to dissonance theory, this sets up an unpleasant state that people try to reduce by reinterpreting some part of their experiences to make them consistent with the others.
Cognitive dissonance is a condition first proposed by the psychologist Leon Festinger in 1956, relating to his hypothesis of cognitive consistency.
The inherent discomfort resulting from experiencing two or more mental events (beliefs, attitudes, values, perceptions) that are incompatible with each other.
Cognitive dissonance is a psychological term which describes the uncomfortable tension that comes from holding two conflicting thoughts at the same time. More precisely, it is the perception of incompatibility between two cognitions, where "cognition" is defined as any element of knowledge, including attitude, emotion, belief, or behavior.