making a protein from a sequence of RNA. Translation is the process whereby the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs the production of proteins from amino acids.
( decoding) The derivation of the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide from the sequence of an mRNA molecule via tRNA intermediates which occurs in association with a ribosome.
The ribosome-mediated production of a polypeptide whose amino acid sequence is specified by the nucleotide sequence in an mRNA.
synthesis of a polypeptide chain from a messenger RNA molecule.
The synthesis of a protein (polypeptide). This occurs on ribosomes, using the information encoded in messenger RNA.
the process of forming a protein molecule at a ribosomal site of protein synthesis from information contained in messenger RNA[close window
A process carried out by the cell in which a modified messenger RNA is used as a template to build amino acid chains. For a more in depth explanation, visit the "Amino Acid" tutorial, found in Room 101
the manufacture of proteins in a cell. It takes place at the ribosomes. The information which determines the sequence of amino acids in the protein is carried to the ribosome by messenger RNA. The amino acids are brought to their correct position in the protein by transfer RNA.
the process by which the genetic code is transferred to an amino acid sequence in a protein.
the process of mRNA being translated into amino acids, which group together in chains to form proteins. Occurs in ribosome.
The process of peptide formation from the instructions carried by an mRNA strand.
The process of protein synthesis, carried out by ribosomes, and directed by the sequence of mRNA as read out by tRNA adaptors.
The process by which the genetic information of RNA is used to specify and direct the synthesis of proteins. Occurs in ribosomes.
the process of forming a specific protein having its amino acid sequence determined by the codons of messenger RNA. Ribosomes and transfer RNA are necessary for translation.
The process by which the information coded in a sequence of m-RNA is translated into a sequence of amino acids in a protein.
Process by which the sequence of nucleotides in a messenger RNA molecule directs the incorporation of amino acids into protein; occurs on a ribosome.
The process in which the information in an RNA sequence is used to make a protein.
The assembly of amino acids into polypeptides using the genetic information encoded in the molecules of mRNA.
trans, across + latus, that which is carried] The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule. There is a change of "language" from nucleotides to amino acids.
The process during protein synthesis in which the genetic code in messenger RNA is translated into the polypeptide sequence in protein.
The process after transcription, when proteins are made from the instructions on a section of RNA. search for Translation
Synthesis of a polypeptide with an amino acid sequence dictated by the base sequence of a messenger RNA.
The biochemical process by which messenger RNA (mRNA) is used as a template by the ribosome to synthesize the respective protein. In translation, a molecule called transfer RNA (tRNA) interacts with the spliced mRNA at each codon, carrying with it the amino acid that corresponds to the codon. Amino acids are chemically linked to create the nascent peptide, which will eventually become the full-length, active protein. See also Peptide Bond, Primary Structure.
As related to HIV: The process by which HIV messenger RNA is processed in a cell's nucleus and transported to the cytoplasm, the cellular material outside the nucleus. In the cytoplasm, the cell's protein-making machinery translates the messenger RNA into viral protein and enzymes.
the process by which the mRNA code is converted to a sequence of amino acids (a protein).
The process by which ribosomes and specialized RNA synthesize a specific polypeptide using genetic information in messenger RNA.
The assembly of amino acids into a protein, using the information in RNA.
The molecular process that converts the information in a strand of messenger RNA into a corresponding sequence of protein building blocks called amino acids.
The synthesis of a protein directed by mRNA (messenger RNA). Translation occurs at the ribosome where mRNA is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain.
the process by which mRNA directs the amino acid sequence of a growing polypeptide during protein synthesis.
The process whereby genetic information from messenger RNA is translated into protein.
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
a key sequence that is mapped to a specified action on the widget
the sequencing of amino acids according to the mRNA sequence; performed by a ribosome in the cytoplasm of a cell
The process of protein synthesis from a mRNA template, occurring at the ribosome.
The transfer of information from an RNA molecule into a polypeptide, involving a change of language from nucleic acids to amino acids.
The second major step in protein synthesis, in which the information encoded in mRNA is deciphered (translated) into sequences of amino acids. This process occurs at the ribosome.
The second major step in gene expression, in which the information encoded in RNA is deciphered (translated) into instructions for making a protein or for starting or stopping protein synthesis.
the process that uses mRNA to create proteins.
The synthesis of a polypeptide chain (protein) from its mRNA template.
The conversion of genetic information coded in a segment of mRNA into a sequence of amino acids.
A mapping of an event, such as a key or button press, or a sequence of events, to an action.
The process by which information in the RNA genetic code is used to direct protein synthesis.
process occurring in cell organelles called ribosomes, to decipher the code in mRNA in order to synthesise a specific polypeptide.
The synthesis of protein using the genetic information in a messenger RNA as a template.
The process during which a polypeptide chain is generated from an mRNA template.
The step in protein synthesis in which the messengerRNA directs the synthesis of a polypeptide of a particular amino-acid sequence by "decoding" the genetic code.
The process of turning instructions from mRNA, base by base, into a chain of amino acids. This chain then folds into a functional protein with the aid of other proteins. This process takes place on structures called ribosomes which are either located in the cytoplasm or in other cellular compartments.
tranz-LAY-shun Assembly of an amino acid chain according to the sequence of base triplets in a molecule of mRNA. 326
Generation of protein from the RNA template.
The process by which the transcribed information carried in the base sequence of messenger RNA is used to produce a sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
Standard service offered by Wordbank as part of our four-stage localization process.
The process by which the genetic information encoded by a specific mRNA is converted into a corresponding sequence of amino acids.
The process of converting the genetic code into polypeptides, catalyzed by the ribosome and a host of soluble factors. mRNA codons are recognized by tRNA anti-codons. Each tRNA codes for a single amino acid, resulting in synthesis of polypeptide wherein the amino acid sequence is dictated by and matches the order of the codons in the mRNA.
The conversion of genetic information, in the form of mRNA, into polypeptides, with the aid of ribosomes and tRNAs.
The process in which the sequence of a messenger RNA molecule is used to direct the order of assembly of amino acids to make a protein
The complex process by which information encoded in messenger RNA is translated into protein.
the process in which genetic information is transferred from an RNA molecule into a polypeptide product.
The process in which the genetic code carried by mRNA directs the synthesis of proteins from amino acids.
The process whereby the information written in the nucleotide sequence of a gene is expressed in the amino-acid sequence of the corresponding polypeptide or protein. ~ See Also: Genetic code, Polypeptide, Protein.
A process where the information contained in RNA is converted to make proteins.
The process in which an RNA sequence is used as a template to form a sequence of amino acids (a protein).
The synthesis of protein on a template of messenger RNA; consists of three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. Making of a polypeptide sequence by translating the genetic code of an mRNA molecule associated with a ribosome. PICTURE
The process of decoding a strand of mRNA, thereby producing a protein based on the code. This process requires ribosomes (which are composed of rRNA along with various proteins) to perform the synthesis, and tRNA to bring in the amino acids. Sometimes, however, people speak of "translating" the DNA or RNA when they are merely reading the nucleotide sequence and predicting from it the sequence of the encoded protein. This might be more accurately termed "conceptual translation".
The second main part of `gene expression,' after transcription.This is the process whereby an RNA copy of a gene is used as a template to produce a polypeptide/protein made from amino-acids.
the process of synthesis of protein on the mRNA template.
Process by which the information on a messenger RNA molecule is used to direct the synthesis of a protein. tRNA Transfer RNA.
Process by which DNA code specifies sequencing of amino acids.
cellular process by which protein synthesis from RNA is achieved
a cellular process accomplished at special structures known as ribosomes that make a protein molecule from information contained in messenger RNA.
The process of polypeptide synthesis in which the amino acid sequence is determined by mRNA, mediated by tRNA molecules, and carried out on ribosomes.
The process of synthesizing an amino acid sequence (protein product) from the messenger RNA code
synthesis of a sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide based on the sequence information in mRNA.
The process of making proteins based on genetic information encoded in messenger RNA. Translation occurs in ribosomes.
The process by which the DNA code specifies the sequence of amino acids.
the formation of a protein directed by a specific messenger RNA molecule
the synthesis of protein on the messenger RNA template. Return to text.
The formation of a defined polypeptide chain on a ribosome according to the triplet code of bases of the mRNA which codes for the process at the time. ( Students should be familiar with the details of this process which will be explained in any Biology text.)
The process of turning instructions from mRNA, base by base, into chains of amino acids that then fold into proteins. This process takes place in the cytoplasm, on structures called ribosomes.
To go from RNA to protein, translation is needed. Translation is the process by which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the production of proteins from amino acids. See the entire definition of Translation
the synthesis of a protein based on the nucleotide sequence of an mRNA molecule, which corresponds to the sequence of a gene.
Converting genetic information of mRNA on ribosomes into a polypeptide.
Formation of proteins by translation of genetic information in organism
the synthesis of a protein from a "messenger RNA" template. The mRNA template spells out the order of amino acids in the protein to be made via the nucleotide "triplets" or codons.
Production of a polypeptide chain on a polyribosome under the direction of messenger RNA.
Processing carried out by the Communications System which converts transmissions from/to the Healthlink Network into a format which can be fed into the HA/GP computer.
Proteosynthesis, the process of decoding the message written in the 4-letter code in RNA (mRNA), into a 20-letter code of protein.
The process by which RNA makes proteins. tRNA: See Transfer RNA.
The ribosome-mediated production of a polypeptide whose amino acid sequence is derived from the codon sequence of an mRNA molecule.
is synthesis of protein on the mRNA template.
The process of converting an XML document into native (non-XML) format, or vice versa.
Synthesis of a protein on an RNA template.
the process whereby the genetic code carried by mRNA is read and used to construct proteins. This process is carried out by ribosomes. The ribosomes recruit appropriate 4S or transfer RNAs (tRNAs) which are (conceptually) molecules with an amino acid at one end and an "anticodon" at the other. The anticodon consists of three nucleotide bases which are the complement of the codon which codes for the tRNA's amino acid. Thus, for example, proline is coded by the sequence CCA. The corresponding tRNApro would then bear a proline amino acid at one end, and the complementary sequence, i.e. GGU, at the other. The ribosome sits on the mRNA molecule. If the ribosome detects that the tRNA bases form complementary base pairs with the next mRNA triplet in line, it clips the amino acid off the tRNA and ads it to the growing protein. It then moves up three bases on the mRNA and looks for the next matching tRNA. See also image at tRNA.
(RNA translation) process by which the sequence of nucleotides in a messenger RNA molecule directs the incorporation of amino acids into a protein.
The process by which RNA is used to produce a protein in the ribosomes.
the conversion of information from a RNA molecule into a polypeptide.
The process of using a messenger RNA sequence to build a protein. The messenger RNA serves as a template on which transfer RNA molecules, carrying amino acids, are lined up. The amino acids are then linked together to form a protein chain.
The process of converting the information in messenger RNA into protein.
the process by which messenger RNA (mRNA) specifies the sequence of a protein
The process of sequentially converting the codons on mRNA into amino acids which are then linked to form a protein.
The complex process in which the genetic information present in a messenger RNA molecule directs the sequence of amino acids during protein syntheses.
The process during which the information in mRNA molecules is used to construct proteins. Source : PhRMA Genomics
The process by which the genetic code carried by mRNA directs the synthesis of protiens from amino acids.
the process during which the information in mRNA molecules is used to construct proteins. Compare transcription.
Translation is the second process of protein biosynthesis (part of the overall process of gene expression).Translation occurs in the cytoplasm where the ribosomes are located. Ribosomes are made of a small and large subunit which surrounds the mRNA. In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded to produce a specific polypeptide according to the rules specified by the genetic code.