Real-world systems are almost always made up from a large number of interacting components. This leads to complex behaviour that is difficult to understand, predict and manage. Research on complex systems is often undertaken by mathematicians, statisticians, engineers, and information and computer scientists. It will contribute to improvements in areas such as the internet, air traffic and transport control, power systems, robotics, irrigation and land management, defence, manufacturing and finance, as well as ecology and biology.
A system that cannot be understood and managed analytically. The Collaborative Leadership process works well with complex systems.
Or complex dynamical systems. Synonymous with non-linear systems.
Systems consisting of interacting dynamic components. These systems are usually nonlinear and can be modeled using mathematical equations and techniques.
They are system that structure open unified fields. The results of complex systems are unpredictable for ordinary people.