Open-heart surgery wherein a heart-lung machine oxygenates and pumps blood while the heart is stopped.
Diversion of the venous blood going to the heart into a machine via a cannula. The machine then adds oxygen and removes (if necessary) carbon dioxide from the blood and pumps it via another cannula into the arterial side of the circulation, bypassing the heart.
A machine with a pump and an oxygenator to maintain blood supply to the body while the heart's action is stopped.
ExtraCorporeal system for draining venous blood, removing carbon dioxide, oxygenating it, and pumping it back into the arterial circulation.
to surgically insert a shunt to bypass a chamber of the heart to carry blood directly to the aorta.
Also called the "heart/lung machine", cardiopulmonary bypass is a complicated mechanical device which allows the heart to be stopped during delicate cardiac surgical procedures. Blue (oxygen poor) blood is drained from the patient to a reservoir where oxygen is added to the blood; this red (oxygen-rich) blood is then pumped back to the patient directly into the aorta. Hypothermia (lowering of the body temperature) is used in most cases.
Another name for extracorporeal circulation (ECC). For a brief tour of ECC, click here.
a machine that can perform the function of the heart and lung.
Often referred to as the "heart-lung machine," a circulatory support system that works in place of a patient's heart and lungs, providing blood flow to the whole body during open-heart surgery.
A machine functions as the heart and lungs during heart surgery.
A procedure used to circumvent the flow of blood through the heart and lungs while a surgical procedure is being done.
the process by which a machine is used to do the work of the heart and lungs so the heart can be stopped during surgery.
Mechanically circulating the blood with a heart/lung machine that bypasses the heart and lungs.
A surgical procedure where the patient's blood is mechanically oxygenated and pumped through the body while the heart and lungs are arrested.
Circulatory support system that works in place of the patient's heart and lungs, providing blood flow to the whole body. Often referred to as the 'heart-lung machine.'
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a technique that temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during surgery. The CPB pump itself is often referred to as a Heart-Lung Machine. Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps are operated by allied health professionals known as Perfusionists in association with surgeons who connect CPB to the patient's body.