Made a single province under Vespasian in 72 AD.
Region of SE Asia Minor that formed part of the Ottoman empire in 1914; known today as the southern Turkish province of Adana.
In the ancient period the name of the region that included the borders of the Mersin province.
Today a region of the northeastern Mediterranean coast in Turkey bounded by the Taurus Mountains to the north and the Anti-Taurus on the east. This is a reflection of the Roman Provinces of Rough and Smooth Cilicia. In the mid First Millennium B.C. Cilicia appears to have been largely the heir to Late Bronze Age Kizzuwatna and, therefore, to have extended on to the Central Anatolian Plateau for a considerable distance north of the Taurus. Following the fall of Assyria (612 B.C.) Cilicia was nominally under Babylonian control but was ruled by a local kings who bore the title Syennensis.
In Antiquity, Cilicia (Greek: ÎšÎ¹Î»Î¹ÎºÎ¯Î±) was the name of a region, now known as Ã‡ukurova, and often a political unit, on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus.