instruction, originally presented in printed form but now primarily by computer, in which a skill or subject matter to be learned is broken up into very small parts to which the learner responds, step by step, and receives immediate information on the accuracy of each response.
An instructional method developed and tested by B.F. Skinner (See Skinner, 1968). The method involves the presentation of small "frames" of information each requiring a discriminated response. The learner moves through the sequence of frames at their own pace, usually with few errors and frequent positive feedback.
Educational materials such as texts, computers, and audiovisual aids that are arranged in a logical sequence. A student may, individually or as part of a group, progress at his or her own rate; learning is reinforced by immediate awareness that the student is accurate or that the student is inaccurate and needs help.
a step-by-step approach, based on operant conditioning, in which the learner proceeds at his or her own pace through more and more difficult material and receives immediate knowledge of the results of each response. (256)
Form of self-paced learning based on mastery approach.
Programmed instruction is a field first studied extensively by the behaviorist B.F. Skinner. It consists of teaching through small lessons, where each lesson must be mastered in order to go on to the next.