A minute round particle composed of RNA and protein that is found in the cytoplasm of living cells and serves as the site of assembly for polypeptides encoded by messenger RNA
Particle composed of ribosomal RNAs and ribosomal proteins that associates with messenger RNA and catalyzes the synthesis of protein.
The machinery used by the cell to create proteins as instructed by DNA through an RNA messenger.
a particle in a cell which consists of RNA and protein. It is the site where protein synthesis occurs in the cell. Ribosomes can be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane inside the cell or can be free in the cell cytoplasm.
A structure consisting of small and large ribonucleoprotein units that is the site of intracellular protein biosynthesis.
Organelle responsible for protein synthesis. Ribosomes are located in cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum.
subcellular structures (typically thousands per cell) that provide sites for protein synthesis; occur in cytoplasm and on rough endoplasmic reticulum.
an organelle located within a cell that has two subunits; its function is protein synthesis.
One of the minute granules free in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell, containing a high concentration of RNA. Ribosomes are the cell's "factories" - they are the place where all protein synthesis occurs. Messenger RNA (mRNA) messages from the nucleus are translated by the ribosomes, which build the encoded proteins.
the cellular organelle responsible for translating mRNA into protein. Ribosomes are complexes of specialized RNA species and numerous proteins. A really outstanding short explanation of the ribosome can be found at Ribosome Structure and Function.
Large molecular complex in the cytoplasm, responsible for protein synthesis.
A small cellular structure that is the site of protein synthesis, where translation of RNA takes place.
Particle composed of ribosomal RNAs and proteins. Catalyzes translation of mRNAs to proteins.
A large molecular structure having two dissociable subunits that is the site of protein synthesis. Several ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and many proteins are part of this unit. The ribosomes come with one large subunit and a smaller one. Each contains RNAs and proteins.
an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell.
The sub-cellular structure that contains both RNA and protein molecules and is the site for the translation of mRNA into protein. Ribosomes comprise large and small sub-units.
ribose + G. soma = body; small cytoplasmic particle containing ribonucleoprotein (G. Palade).
Cellular structure that is the usual site of protein synthesis in living organisms.
An organelle that contains rRNA and proteins and is essential to mRNA translation and protein synthesis.
organelle in the cytoplasm of cells; composed of ribosomal RNA and ribosomal proteins; nicknamed the protein factory because of its role in protein synthesis
An intracellular particle composed of rRNA and proteins that furnishes the site at which mRNA is translated.
intracellular organelle which translates RNA and makes protein
a cell structure that uses genetic instructions transported in ribonucleic acid (RNA) to link a specific sequence of amino acids into chains to form proteins
a cellular particle made up of a type of RNA called ribosomal RNA and proteins
a complex of RNA and proteins that can translate mRNA into a polypeptide chain (e
a DNA -reading- PROTEIN - making gizmo
an extremely complex structure of enzymes and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) bonded together into a large molecular machine
an organelle at which the metabolic process of protein synthesis takes place
an organelle composed of rRNA and ribosomal proteins
an organelle In cell biology, an organelle is one of several structures with specialized functions, suspended in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell
a small particle, a complex of various ribonucleic acid component subunits and proteins that functions as the site of protein synthesis in the cell
a specific kind of organelle
a very stable place, a kind of bench on which protein biosynthesis would be performed
A cell organelle functioning as the site of protein synthesis.
The cell structure in which proteins are manufactured. Most cells contain thousands of ribosomes.
an organelle that produces protein in cells.
a complex of RNA and proteins. Proteins are built by the process of translation at ribosomes.
A structure within cells that manufactures proteins by linking together amino acids according to the coded sequence on a strand of messenger RNA.
Cellular organelle that performs protein synthesis.
a complex cellular particle composed of ribosomal protein and ribosomal RNA molecules that is the site of translation (Russell, 2002).
An organelle in the cell required for protein synthesis.
RI-bo-soam A structure built of RNA and protein upon which mRNA anchors during protein synthesis. 66
(RI-bo-som) A microscopic, spherical structure within the cytoplasm of a cell composed of RNA and protein that serves as an attachment site for messenger RNA during protein synthesis.
Form of RNA from which protein synthesis occurs (translation). Ribosomes are attached to endoplasmic reticulum (rough).
The large, multi-subunit ribonucleoprotein complex responsible for translation of mRNA into polypeptide sequences.
A cellular component containing protein and RNA which is involved in protein synthesis.
A cellular component, containing protein and RNA, that is involved in protein sythesis.
Cellular particle; site of protein synthesis.
Site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm. selection and breeding - Manipulating microbes, plants or animals, and choosing desirable individuals or populations as breeding stock for new generations.
Ribosomes are RNA-containing granules that lie in the cytoplasm. They are the sites of protein synthesis.
the cellular organelle where protein synthesis occurs; represents a complex assemblage of proteins and RNA molecules. Ribosomes read the genetic code from the working RNA copies of genes, using these to synthesize the protein encoded by the gene. Ribosomes have an RNA core, which is largely responsible for protein production. The RNA core is supported and stabilized by a protein scaffold.
( ribo, from RNA + Gr. soma, body) The sub-cellular structure that contains both RNA and protein molecules and mediates the translation of mRNA into protein. Ribosomes comprise large and small sub-units. See organelle; translation.
Granules of RNA and protein that assemble amino acids into proteins.
A small organelle that is the site of protein synthesis.
a component of the cell that read mRNA and bonds an amino acid chain together.
An RNA-protein complex responsible for the correct positioning of mRNA and charged tRNAs allowing proper alignment of amino acids during protein synthesis.
a very large protein-RNA complex that catalyzes the synthesis of polypeptides based on the sequence of a mRNA.
(RYE-bo-sohm) A molecular complex in which proteins are made. In eukaryotic cells, ribosomes either are free in the cytoplasm or are attached to the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
A cellular partical that is the site of protein synthesis.
an organelle that is the site of translation
Ribosome's manufacture all the proteins used in all living things on this planet. Based inside a cell a typical ribosome is relatively small (a few thousand cubic nanometers) and is capable of building almost any protein by stringing together amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) in a precise linear sequence as instructed by tRNA in the cell.
The cytoplasmic organelles in which proteins are formed based on the genetic code provided by RNA.
the cell structures within which protein synthesis occurs.
A cytoplasmic particle composed of ribosomal RNA and protein, which is part of the protein-synthesizing machinery of the cell. 6S rRNA - A large polynucleotide (ca 1500 bases) which functions as a part of the small subunit of the ribosome of prokaryotes and from whose sequence evolutionary information can be obtained; eukaryotic counterpart, 18S rRNA. Also used as a target for oligonucleotide probes.
A sub-cellular structure responsible for making proteins.
The small cellular structure in which RNA translates the genetic code into proteins. RNA: See Ribonucleic acid. Sequence: See Base sequence.
A protein composed of two subunits that functions in protein synthesis.
A complex organelle that catalyzes the translation of messenger RNA into an amino acid sequence. Composed of proteins plus rRNA.
small organelles composed of RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis.
this is where MRNA matches with TRNA and construction occurs. The site of protein construction. Ribosomes move along the MRNA as it is translated into protein.
A molecular machine, found in all cells, which builds protein molecules according to instructions read from RNA molecules. Ribosomes are complex structures built of protein and RNA molecules.
a cell organelle produced in the nucleolus. It consists of two subunits and is
A cytoplasmic organelle composed of ribonucleic acid and protein that functions in the synthesis of protein. Ribosomes interact with messenger RNA and transfer RNA to join together amino acid units into a polypeptide chain according to the sequence determined by the genetic code. See also Cytoplasm; Ribonucleic Acid.
Large, round structures where proteins are assembled. Ribosomes are composed of RNA.
Cellular components made of ribosomal RNA and proteins which are the site of protein synthesis (translation).
A naturally occurring molecular machine that manufactures proteins according to instructions derived from the cell's genes.
An organic particle, composed of RNA and certain proteins, used by cells to manufacture other proteins.
Particle composed of ribosomal RNA s and proteins. Catalyzes translation of mRNA to protein.
A cellular particle which is involved in the translation of mRNAs to make proteins. Ribosomes are a complex consisting of ribosomal RNAs (rRNA) and several proteins.
complex of rRNA and ribosomal proteins, bind mRNA and translate it into protein.
Cellular organelle that is the site of protein synthesis. [ Talking Glossary
Any of the RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis.
A structure composed of protein and RNA molecules which reads genetic information from messenger RNA and synthesises the corresponding protein.
A large complex comprising several different rRNA molecules and more than 50 proteins, organized into a large subunit and small subunit; the site of protein synthesis. ( Figures 4-32 and 4-34)
Cytoplasmic organelle which produces proteins
A ribosome is an organelle in cells that assembles proteins. Ribosomes are composed of ribosomal RNA and ribosomal proteins (known as a Ribonucleoprotein or RNP). It translates messenger RNA (mRNA) into a polypeptide chain (e.g., a protein).