activities that attempt to influence public policy
Seeking to influence the passage or defeat of legislation. Originally the term referred to persons frequenting the lobbies or corridors of legislative chambers to speak to lawmakers.
all attempts to influence directly or indirectly any government activity, and includes any attempt to influence legislators, their staff, civil servants, and members of regulatory agencies. Page 81
This involves hiring people whose full-time job is to persuade government officials that laws and regulations ought to favor the firms they represent despite grumbling from other quarters.
is defined as attempting to influence the passage or defeat of legislation or administrative rules and regulations. It is done by a wide variety of organizations and individuals at the state, local and federal government levels.
making direct contact with lawmakers or other government leaders to try to influence government policy
Employing persons to influence state and federal legislators to sponsor laws that further one's own interest or inhibit those of one's opponents.
Exactly what constitutes lobbying is frequently misunderstood by nonprofit and foundation leaders. In general, lobbying involves attempting to overtly influence the public and legislators in regard to an active piece of legislation under consideration. Nonpartisan efforts to educate the public or legislators on an issue is not lobbying. Likewise, working with regulators or adminsitrators who will establish egulations to carry out a law that has already passed is not construed as lobbying. Foundations are not allowed to lobby -- at all -- except with regard to legislation that directly relates to issues such as the tax deductability of gifts to them, excise taxes, etc. Although public charities are still restricted in what lobbying they can do, the prohibition is less restrictive than that placed on foundations. This subject is covered in depth within the site.
Effort to influence government, business, and other organizations by means of such activities as letter writing, petitioning or telephoning official representatives.
An attempt to influence legislators' decisions.
To be considered lobbying, a communication must refer to and express a view on a specific legislative proposal or legislation that has been introduced before a legislative body (federal, state, or local).
is the process of attempting to persuade decision-makers to support certain positions or programmes.
All attempts including personal solicitation to induce legislators to vote in a certain way or to introduce legislation. It includes scrutiny of all pending bills which affect one's interest or the interests of one's clients, with a view toward influencing the passage or defeat of such legislation.
see also H.P. -- Law and Legislation; H.P. Organizations -- Management LOFTS
Direct attempts to influence legislative and regulatory decisions in government. In Canada, there are two tiers of lobbyists. According to the Lobbyists Registration Act, Tier I is for an individual (government relations consultant, lawyer, accountant, etc.) who, for pay, provides certain types of lobbying services on behalf of a client. Tier II includes employees whose jobs involve a significant amount of lobbying for their employers.
an effort to support legislation that would be of benefit to a certain group
top of the page | Efforts to influence legislation by influencing the opinion of legislators, legislative staff and government administrators directly involved in drafting legislative proposals.
The practice of attempting to persuade members of Congress to support or oppose particular policies or pieces of legislation. This practice is called "lobbying" because such efforts are traditionally conducted in the "lobbies" or rooms and hallways just off the House and Senate chambers.
The practice of talking with members of Congress to persuade them to support a particular position or pieced of legislation. Often conducted in the "lobbies" just off the House and Senate chambers.
Trying to influence decision makers. Interest groups use lobbying as a tactic to pursue the interests of their members, but individuals, too, can lobby. Lobbying can be done directly or indirectly, and can be aimed at any branch or level of government.
Using personal contacts, public pressure, or political action to persuade legislators to vote in a particular manner.
Strategic actions attempting to influence public officials to take specific action.
Influencing the opinions of senators and representatives through meetings, letters and phone calls.
Exercising influence or pressure on members of the legislative bodies in the lobby for supporting or opposing an issue in the House.
when a private citizen, group, or public agency contact a legislator in hopes of influencing their position or vote on proposed legislation
To attempt to influence the thinking of legislators or other public officials for or against a specific cause.
Attempts by individuals or groups who are not members of Congress to influence the passage, defeat or content of legislation.
Activities conducted to influence the vote of public officials on a particular issue.
Direct communication by an interest group representative with a government decision maker in the hope of influencing a decision.
A certification assuring the federal agency that no federally-appropriated funds or any other non-federal funds have been paid or will be paid for influencing any federal official or employee in connection with the awarding of any contract, grant or agreement.
Communication with elected officials or their staff that expresses a position on a pending piece of legislation. The stimulation and transmission of a communication" by someone other than a citizen acting on his own behalf, with the hope of influencing a governmental decision.
Pressure or influence placed on government representatives in order to achieve a particular outcome.
Refers to the effort to deal with legislators and government officials to defeat unwanted legislation and regulation and/or to promote wanted legislation and regulation.
Lobbying can consist of the private cajoling of legislative members, public actions (e.g. mass demonstrations), or combinations of both public and private actions (e.g. encouraging constituents to contact their legislative representatives). As a professional occupation it is also known as "public affairs". Practitioners may work in specialist organisations or as part of public relations consultancies.