The act of terrorizing, or state of being terrorized; a mode of government by terror or intimidation.
The practise of coercing governments to accede to political demands by committing violence on civilian targets; any similar use of violence to achieve goals.
the pursuit of a political aim by means of violence and intimidation. Modern terrorism emerged in 1968 with the hijacking of an Israeli El Al plane by Palestinians in Algeria. Terrorism has since become one of the most frequent and powerful means of waging war. In the 1980s, there was a total of almost 4,000 incidents worldwide, which was up by one-third from the 1970s. The number of deaths from terrorism doubled in that period. In the 1990s there has been a decrease in terrorist incidents worldwide. But also in that period, the danger from terrorism in the U.S. has increased, including the bombing of the World Trade Center, New York, in 1993. In 1995, the U.S. suffered the worst terrorist attack in its history, when 167 people were killed by a bomb placed by terrorists outside a federal building in Oklahoma City. Two anti-government Americans were convicted of the crime. In 1998, international terrorism flared up again, with bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, incidents which were quickly followed by U.S. attacks on terrorist targets in Sudan and Afghanistan.
Acts of murder and destruction deliberately directed against civilians or military in non-military situations.
The calculated unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government, organization, or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religious, economic, or social objective.
Terrorist activities are illegal and involve the use of coercion including the use of force, intended to intimidate or coerce, and committed in support of political or social objectives.
A violent act or an act dangerous to human life in violation of the criminal laws of Canada or of the provinces to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. While we usually think of terrorism as involving bombings, kidnappings, and hijackings, other forms of terrorism might include attacks on the information systems of financial institutions and threats to reveal trade or industry secrets. Crimes that lack the ideological component necessary to qualify as terrorism can be described simply as murder, vandalism, blackmail, and so on.
Fire insurance, even if extended to cover riot cover, can exclude 'terrorism', which is normally defined as the use of violence for political ends. The term 'terrorism' usually also includes any violence intended to put the public in a state of fear. A limited market does exist for this specialist cover.
The use of violence to promote political or social change.
a psychological strategy of war for gaining political ends by deliberately creating a well-founded climate of fear among the civilian popuation. Such a strategy may be used by an occupying army on the occupied population. Many terrorist acts, especially against an occupying military or against illegal occupants are acts of war or resistance, and not terrorism.
an act to create extreme, persistant fear or intimidation.
The systematic use of violence to achieve political ends is not new â€“ among many other examples, it featured during The Troubles in Ireland before its independence in 1922. In recent decades, it has become a common tactic among a wide variety of groups, from independence movements to the secret services of various countries. Random bombings, shootings and/or 'disappearances' â€“ and the fear and panic they provoke â€“ put pressure on governments, proving that they are unable to protect their populations, or can be used by dictatorships to frighten their people into submission and obedience.
Premeditated and politically motivated violence perpetuated against civilian targets by subnationational organziations or clandestine agents designed to influence the public.
fighting for freedom- often used term to criminalize opponents.
The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or government, often for ideological or political reasons.
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature; this is done through intimindation or coercion or instilling fear
a real, very dangerous, but small threat, probably our death-toll will never be larger than that from traffic accident
The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against people or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives. (JCS Pub 1-02)
use of terror, especially the systematic use of terror by the government or other authority against particular persons or groups; a method of opposing a government internally or externally through the use of terror
Any act which may involve the use of, or threat of, force, violence or biological or chemical warfare, or nuclear pollution or contamination or explosion where the purpose of the act is to further a political, religious, ideological aim or to intimidate or influence a government or any section of the public.
Retail violence, resistance. An oppressed population has a right to resist and use violence when there is no alternative. Its violence is labeled "terrorism", and judged to be illegitimate. Israeli violence is always found to have redeeming characteristics. (see retaliation)
The use of random violence, especially against civilian targets, by ideologically motivated groups or individuals in an attempt to create social upheaval and to achieve recognition of their agenda.
The unlawful use of force against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives.
the use and threat of violence for political purposes
Premeditated violence serving an underlying political objective in which the target of violence is an” innocent”. As a revolutionary strategy, terrorism involves selective acts of violence, usually by small organized cells of political activists.
The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological (DOD JP 1994).
The use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of the criminal laws of the United States for purposes of intimidation, coercion or ransom. Terrorists often use threats to create fear among the public, to try to convince citizens that their government is powerless to prevent terrorism, and to get immediate publicity for their causes. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) categorizes terrorism in the United States as one of two types: Domestic Terrorism - Involves groups or individuals whose terrorist activities are directed at elements of our government or population without foreign direction. International Terrorism - Involves groups or individuals whose terrorist activities are foreign-based and/or directed by countries or groups outside the United States or whose activities transcend national boundaries.
the use of violence by groups or states to intimidate, cause fear, or punish their victims to achieve political goals (178)
The systematic use of violence to achieve political ends is not new â€“ for instance, it was employed by pro- and anti-slavery fanatics in Kansas before the American Civil War, by anarchists in tsarist Russia and by the Black Hand organisation in the Balkans before World War I. In recent decades, it has become a common tactic among a wide variety of groups, from independence movements to the secret services of various countries. Random bombings, shootings and/or 'disappearances' â€“ and the fear and panic they provoke â€“ put pressure on governments, proving that they are unable to protect their populations, or can be used by dictatorships to frighten their people into submission and obedience.
The use of violence for political ends, including any use of violence for the purpose of putting the public in fear.
A criminal act that is undertaken with the purpose of achieving political gain. It may or may not be directed against a particular government, and it may or may not be state-sponsored. Defining terrorism is a very controversial subject because of the differing motivations of those who practice it. As the old saying goes, "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter."
Use of violence or intimidation to coerce a government or civilian population to further political or social objectives.
The use of extreme violence or the threat of violence by states, groups or individuals to generate fear in individuals and thus manipulate their behavior. Currently, most terrorism is drug or religion based. Some define the term widely to include topics like spanking of children or the teaching of an eternity of torture in Hell as forms of physical or spiritual terrorism.
The use of, or threatened use of, criminal violence against civilians or civilian infrastructure to achieve political ends through fear and intimidation, rather than direct confrontation. Emergency management is typically concerned with the consequences of terrorist acts directed against large numbers of people (as opposed to political assassination or hijacking, which may also be considered "terrorism") (FEMA definition). The U.S. State Department defines terrorism as "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience." Terrorism is distinguished from other criminal acts, psychopathic acts, or acts of warring states. See Antiterrorism, Counterterrorism.
Terrorism is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts committed (or threatened) against civilians by groups or persons for political or other ideological goals."The divergent assessments of the same evidence on such an important issue shocks a leading terrorism researcher. 'The notion of terrorism is fairly straightforward — it is ideologically or politically motivated violence directed against civilian targets.'" said Professor Martin Rudner, director of the Canadian Centre of Intelligence and Security Studies at Ottawa's Carleton University." Humphreys, Adrian. http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/news/story.html?id=a64f73d2-f672-4bd0-abb3-2584029db496 "One official's 'refugee' is another's 'terrorist'", National Post, January 17, 2006.