One of the pieces of timber, stone, or iron, on or near the level of the ground, for the support of some superstructure, to steady framework, to keep in place the rails of a railway, etc.; a stringpiece.
One of the joists, or roughly shaped timbers, laid directly upon the ground, to receive the flooring of the ground story.
One of the knees which connect the transoms to the after timbers on the ship's quarter.
Usually, a wood member that serves to support equipment.
A horizontal log or timber laid in a shallow trench to support a plank or logs.
Lowest horizontal timber (or low wall).
one of the cross braces that support the rails on a railway track; "the British call a railroad tie a sleeper"
A wood member resting on a concrete slab, used to support and raise a finished floor.
A horizontal framing member that is laid flat, on its widest side.
Strip of wood laid over concrete floor to which the finished wood floor is nailed or glued.
See double wood.
Leveling strip on which flooring or horizontal panels are fixed.
Large piece of timber used as "Dunnage"
Wood, concrete or steel section which holds the rails apart and supports the track on the ballast
Sleepers have two functions: holding the rails at the correct distance apart (Gauge) and transferring the pressures of passing trains from the rails to the ballast. Usually made of pressure treated hard wood, but softwood is also used and more recently pre-stressed concrete. LNWR experimented with pressed steel sleepers but did not adopt them. Often sleeper density is increased on curved track, where the lateral forces are higher.
Usually, a wood member embedded in concrete, as in a floor, that serves to support and to fasten the subfloor or flooring
is a strip of wood laid over concrete to support and fasten sub-floor or flooring.
A horizontal, loose support for supporting a walking surface.
1. Treated wood timbers, installed on concrete to support flooring. 2. Treated wood timbers, used as a nailing surface for wood framing, which are embedded in poured concrete. 3. Wood braces that are used to support the bottom of a wall form.
wood member attached to concrete floor as base for wood floor.