common indoor and outdoor fungus. Often a toxin- former, especially in areas where broad spectrum fungicides are used. Indoors, it causes damping off of house plants. Look for it in water reservoirs for humidifiers and drip pans. One species, Fusarium oxysporum schlecht, can release cyanide into its root zone
Soil-borne fungi containing many plant pathogens that cause root rot, stem rot, fruit rot, and vascular wilt. Common on commodities, such as rice, bean, soybean, and other crops. Some species are important mycotoxin producers, and others notably F. oxysporum, F. solani and F. moniliforme, are recognized as opportunistic pathogens of man and animals. The species that can produce three of the five internationally regulated mycotoxins are: Fusarium sp Habitat Trichothecenes Zearalenone Fumonisins F. acuminatum Food Can produce - - F. crookwellense Food Can produce Can produce - F. culmorum Food, Indoor Can produce Can produce - F. equiseti Food Can produce Can produce - F. graminearum Food Can produce Can produce - F. poae Food Can produce - - F. proliferatum Food - - Can produce F. sambucinum Food Can produce - - F. semitectum Food - Can produce - F. sporotrichioides Food, Indoor Can produce - - F. verticillioides Food - - Can produce
sp. Aw: 0.90. A common soil fungus. It is found on a wide range of plants. It is often found in humidifiers. Several species in this genus can produce potent trichothecene toxins. The trichothecene (scirpene) toxin targets the following systems: circulatory, alimentary, skin, and nervous. Produces vomitoxin on grains during unusually damp growing conditions. Symptoms may occur either through ingestion of contaminated grains or possibly inhalation of spores. The genera can produce hemorrhagic syndrome in humans (alimentary toxic aleukia). This is characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dermatitis, and extensive internal bleeding. Reported to be allergenic. Frequently involved in eye, skin, and nail infections.
any of several fungal diseases that afflict plants; commonly called dry rot or wilt.
A genus of fungi having sickle-shaped multicelled conidia; includes many important plant pathogens.
(few-sarh-ee-um) - contaminant / opportunistic pathogen, found on fruit, grains and is common in soil. Indoors it sometimes contaminates humidifiers. Associated with as eye and various other infections in immunocompromised individuals and particularly burn patients. Produces a variety of toxins mainly important when ingested, particularly thru contaminated grain products.
Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi widely distributed in soil and in association with plants. Most species are harmless saprobes and are relatively abundant members of the soil microbial community. Some species produce mycotoxins in cereal crops that can affect human and animal health if it enters the food chain.