The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect (Kermes ilices formerly Coccus ilicis), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine.
A small European evergreen oak (Quercus coccifera) on which the kermes insect (Kermes ilices, formerly Coccus ilicis) feeds.
A genus of scale insects including many species that feed on oaks. The adult female resembles a small gall.
Crushed female body of an insect which give a red similar to cochineal and lac. The insect breeds on the Kermes oak ( Quercus coccifera). Its use in carpets had never been satisfactorily established.
A red dye prepared from a scale insect, Coccul ilicis, which infests oak trees.
Kermes (or chermes), meaning "red insect" in the Persian language, is the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect in the genus Kermes, primarily Kermes ilicis (formerly Coccus ilicis) or Kermes vermilio, distantly related to the cochineal insect, and found on species of oak (esp. Kermes oak) near the Mediterranean. The insects are round, smaller than a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing.
Kermes is a genus of scale insects in the order Hemiptera. They feed on the leaves of evergreen oaks; the females produce a dye, also called "kermes", that is the source of natural crimson.