the act of making immune (especially by inoculation).
Introduction of an immunogen into a host in order to initiate an immune response against the immunogen.
The process by which a normally vulnerable host can be made resistant to an infectious disease, usually by administration of a vaccine.
a process by which a person is protected against the adverse effects of infection by a disease-causing microorganism by exposing the person to a small amount of the killed or inactivated organism or to pieces of the organism.
the process of causing immunity by injecting antibodies or provoking the body to make its own antibodies against a certain microorganism
The process of obtaining resistance to a specific disease, typically delivered through a vaccination shot or orally or nasal spray. Using killed or weakened viruses, bacterial molecules or inactivated toxins, a vaccination will introduce harmless forms of the disease into the body. Once immunized, the body then develops antibodies to fight the foreign substance.
Injection with a specific antigen to promote antibody formation, to create immunity to a disease, or to make a person less susceptible to a contagious disease.
The process of rendering a person immune, or of becoming immune through an inoculation or vaccination.
The production of immunity by the deliberate exposure to antigens under conditions that prevent the development of illness but stimulate the production of memory B cells.
The deliberate introduction of antigen to bring about an immune response.
a process that increases an organismâ€™s reaction to antigen and therefore improves its ability to resist or overcome infection.
Administration of antigenic components of an infectious agent to stimulate a protective immune response.
The process of inducing immunity by administering a vaccine, thereby "teaching" the immune system to recognize certain antigen(s) and thus prevent infection or illness when it subsequently encounters the infectious agent.
a local reaction at the injection site
an approach for generating protective immunity against infectious diseases (ref
a novel technique used to efficiently stimulate humoral and cellular immune responses to protein antigens
a novel vaccination strategy in which few harmful effects have been reported
a powerful mode of vaccination against infectious diseases and tumors
a vaccine administered to a baby or child to prevent infection with a specific serious illness
vaccination or other process that induces protection (immunity) against infection or disease caused by a microbe.
This is synonymous with vaccination. A substance is introduced by injection (measles) that then stimulates an immunity response with the formation of antibodies to measles. These antibodies protect the person against getting the infection. Immunization occurs naturally during a successful pregnancy. The woman immunizes herself against her husband's HLA antigens, and she produces blocking antibodies that protect and aid in the growth of the placenta. Women with recurrent pregnancy losses fail to produce these protective antibodies because they are too similar to their husbands. Immunization (vaccination) with paternal or donor lymphocytes corrects this problem and results in subsequent live born babies when a pregnancy is established.
The process by which resistance to an infectious disease is increased. This effect is purposely produced in vaccination to protect against specific diseases.
Administration of antigens to create immunity.
an important infection control practice in which a person acquires resistance to a particular disease.
A method to trigger the body's defenses against a specific disease. For example, the polio vaccination triggers the immune system to create immunity to polio infection.
production of artificial resistance to disease by a vaccine.
A method to produce immunity (protection from infection) using vaccines for a specific disease.
The process of rendering an animal protected (immune) against a certain disease. Vaccination is a way to produce immunization. However, just because an animal has been vaccinated (received a vaccine) does not necessarily mean the animal is immune. If the body did not correctly react to the vaccine or if the vaccine was defective, immunity would not occur. No vaccine produces immunity in 100% of the population to which it was given. 'Vaccination' is not the same as 'immunization.'
the process of rendering a subject immune or of becoming immune, either by conventional vaccination or exposure.
The process of inducing protection against a disease, usually by administering an antigen (as in a vaccine) or antibodies (as in immune globulin). (See also vaccination, but these terms are often used interchangeably.)
using a vaccine to help the body's own immune system to protect itself against a disease such as cancer (see vaccine).
the process of inducing or providing immunity by administering a vaccine, toxoid or antibody containing preparation. See Active Immunization, Passive Immunization and Vaccination.
The act of inducing antibody formation leading to immunity.
the process of inducing immunity by administering an antigen (vaccine) that is derived from or similar to the infecting agent, in order to allow the immune system to prevent infection or illness when it subsequently encounters the infectious agent.
Protection from disease by administering vaccines that induce the body to form antibodies against infectious agents.
the process by which a person is protected against the adverse effects of infection by a disease-causing microorganism. Active immunization (vaccination) involves inoculating a person with an antigen and relying on their body to mount an immune response. Passive immunization involves giving a patient exogenous (manufactured or transferred from another individual) antibodies.
A biological drug that stimulates the immune system to develop protective responses, usually antibodies, against a specific infectious organism or group of organisms. Vaccines are frequently made from killed or attenuated microbial organisms. Newer vaccines are sometimes made from proteins or DNA purified from microbial organisms.
To make immune or protect against a specific disease.
The use of an immunogen to induce specific immunity.
The process or procedure by which a subject (person, animal, or plant) is rendered immune, or resistant to a specific disease. This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation, although the act of inoculation does not always result in immunity.
giving antibodies or other agents to protect against disease
The administration of a vaccine in order to produce protective immunity against the infectious disease agent(s) present in the vaccine.
an injection or a liquid taken orally which prevents individuals from getting certain diseases, such as polio.
Generation of antibodies by administering antigen
The process by which a person or animal becomes protected against a disease. This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation.
vaccine to prevent diseases.
a vaccine to protect us from disease (such as measles and chicken pox). It is important for patients having chemotherapy to avoid children who have recently had immunizations because the vaccines are sometimes made from the actual bacteria.
A process or procedure that increases an organism's reaction to antigens, thereby, improving its ability to resist or overcome infection.
Sometimes called vaccination; a shot or injection that protects a person from getting an illness by making the person "immune" to it.
the process of creating immunity; vaccination with polio vaccine induces the body to produce antibodies that will protect it from future infection by poliovirus. Vaccination and inoculation are examples of immunization.
Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natural disease-fighting system of the body. The healthy immune system is able to recognize invading bacteria and viruses and produce substances (antibodies) to destroy or disable them. Immunizations prepare the immune system to ward off a disease. To immunize against viral diseases, the virus used in the vaccine has been weakened or killed. To immunize against bacterial diseases, it is generally possible to use only a small portion of the dead bacteria to stimulate the formation of antibodies against the whole bacteria. In addition to the initial immunization process, it has been found that the effectiveness of immunizations can be improved by periodic repeat injections or "boosters." Also see Immunizations (in the plural) and Immunization of a specific type (such Immunization, Polio).
A technique used to cause an immune response that results in resistance to a specific disease, especially an infectious disease.
The process of protecting an individual against communicable diseases by administering a vaccine.
The administration of a vaccine, often by injection, that makes the body resistant to certain bacteria or viruses.
A process or procedure that protects the body against an infectious disease by stimulating the production of antibodies. A vaccination is a type of immunization.
To produce immunity in, as by inoculation.
Protection against an infectious disease by vaccination, usually with a weakened (attenuated) or killed form of the disease-causing microorganism. While people are usually immunized against an infectious disease by getting vaccinated, having a disease such as measles, mumps, or rubella one time usually prevents or "immunizes" a person from getting this disease again.
process of activating the body's immune response against a specific disease.
a process by which protection to an infectious disease is administered.
The process of making an individual immune by vaccination or inoculation.
A vaccine, usually injected with a needle, builds up people's defences against dangerous diseases, such as polio, measles and tuberculosis. Source: Foster Parents Plan
Immunization, or immunisation, is the process by which an individual is exposed to an agent that is designed to fortify his or her immune system against that agent. The material is known as an immunogen. Immunization is the same as inoculation and vaccination in that inoculation and vaccination use a viable infecting agent like immunization does.