a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; -- opposed to democracy and liberalism.
an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator, allowing no political opposition, forcibly suppressing dissent, and rigidly controlling most industrial and economic activities. Such regimes usually try to achieve popularity by a strongly nationalistic appeal, often mixed with racism.
Specifically, the Fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
broadly, a tendency toward or support of a strongly authoritarian or dictatorial control of government or other organizations; -- often used pejoratively in this sense.
A system of government with centralized authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship and usually a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
Principles and organization of the right-wing movement in Italy, which culminated in the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini; the Italians were imitated by Fascist organizations in other countries. The name was taken from the organization's symbol, a fascine (a bundle of sticks) with an axe. The Italians' leader was known as the Duce. [Go to source
a political system based on the power of a dictator, on intolerance of other points of view, and on feelings of nationalism and racism
a political system in which all power of government is vested in a person or group with no other power to balance and limit the activities of the government. Fascist governments are often closely associated with large corporations and sometimes with extreme nationalism and racist activities. Modern fascism is often called "CORPORATISM".
A form of government usually headed by a dictator which involves extreme patriotism, war-like policies, persecution of minorities, and total government control of political, economic, cultural, religious, and social activities.
Authoritarian political ideology characterized by dictatorial leadership, an oppressive one-party system, strong nationalism, and aggressive militarism.
The name comes from the Latin fasces â€“ a bundle of rods with a projecting axe, which was the symbol of authority in ancient Rome. The term was applied by Mussolini to his movement after his rise to power in 1922. The Fascists were viciously anti- Communist and anti- liberal and, once in power, relied on an authoritarian state apparatus. They also used emotive slogans and old prejudices (for example, against the Jews) to bolster the leader's strongman appeal. Fascism had a direct influence on Hitler's Nazism. Find out more
A form of totalitarian dictatorship that sought to create a viable society by regimentation of national and individual lives. Fascism put emphasis on nationalism, but its appeal was international. The fascist movement thrived in nations that were economically backward or had strong authoritarian political governments.
Social organization in which the government sets economic rules but does not physically take over businesses.
An highly conservative political system characterized by zealous nationalistic tendencies.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual, and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of the opposition.
An ideology that combines dictatorial government, militarism, control of the personal freedom, extreme nationalism, and government control of business. Fascism peaked between the 1920s and '40s, when Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Francisco Franco gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain respectively.
The marriage of corporation and state led by a totalitarian government that emphasizes nationalism. The ultimate goal of neo-conservative Republicans.
An extreme conservative political philosophy, usually ultra-nationalistic, violent, anti-Communist, anti-Semitic or racist. German fascism was National Socialism or Nazism.
"A philosophy or system of government that is marked by stringent social and economic control, a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator, and often a policy of belligerent nationalism." (From The American Heritage Dictionary)
An extremely repressive political ideology that exercises complete control over individual and civil liberties through the use of force.
A political ideology that places fundamental importance on the unity and harmony of government and society and is defined particularly by its opposition to forces that might weaken that collective unity. It further assumes that the top leader is the embodiment of the natural will and that all individuals and groups must obey the will of the leader. It is both antisocialist and antidemocratic. Fascism has had major impact on the 20th century history and is particularly associated with such regimes as Benito Mussolini in Italy (1922-1943)
Refers to the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1924 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Fascism of late refers to any system of government resembling Mussolini's, which exalts nation, and often race, above individual rights and uses violence and modern techniques of propaganda and censorship to forcibly suppress political opposition. It also engages in severe economic and social imposition of order and discipline.
A social and political ideology with the primary guiding principle that the state or nation is the highest priority, rather than personal or individual freedoms.
System of government where the government (usually dictatorial) controls ideological opposition thru censorship and imposes socio-economical controls, with an emphasis on social controls.
subworld ruled by individualism/egoism. In the very end capable of extreme atrocities.
a movement characterized by extreme, often expansionist nationalism, an antisocialism aimed at destroying working-class movements, alliances with powerful capitalists and landowners, a dynamic and violent leader, and glorification of war and the military. (p. 957)
A political system where the government indirectly controls property through economic policy, regulations and controls.
Political philosophy that became predominant in Italy and then Germany during the 1920s and 1930s; attacked weakness of democracy, corruption of capitalism; promised vigorous foreign and military programs; undertook state control of economy to reduce social friction. (p. 870)
Fascism is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community.Kevin Passmore, Fascism: A Very Short Introduction, pages 25-31. Oxford University Press, 2002 Many different characteristics are attributed to fascism by different scholars, but the following elements are usually seen as its integral parts: nationalism, authoritarianism, militarism, corporatism, statism, collectivism"collectivism." EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica. 2007.