A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.
a theory of revolutionary socialism propounded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, advocating a social and economic organization in which workers rather than financial investors (capitalists) control the means of production and distribution of goods. The utopian goal of this theory is a classless society to which all members contribute by their labor. Attempts to implement such a system by the Soviet Union, China, and other countries were also termed communist, although "in none of these countries had a communist society fully been established," ["communism" Britannica Online] and most have resulted in totalitarian states. Fear of the expansion and influence of these states and of communist ideas motivated U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War.
a political theory derived from Marxism, advocating a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person is paid and works according to his or her needs and abilities.
a political and economic system where the state maintains ownership and control of production facilities
an economic system in which the government owns all property and in which it is responsible for most economic decision making
a political and economic system under which productive property is owned by the people of the community collectively through the state.
A form of government, an economic system, a revolutionary movement, a way of life, or a goal or ideal of an equal, classless society. Government owns the means of production and is willing to use force to reach its goals.
Ideology that upholds equality by demanding an end to private wealth and insisting on public ownership of property and the means of production.
an economic system in which all capital is collectively owned.
Economic organization based upon a dictator pretending to administer equal distribution of services and commodities to everybody. A form of socialism.
An economic theory in which collective ownership of property leads to a classless society.
The form of government in the Soviet Union in which the state owned all means of production and was led by a centralized, authoritarian party. This was viewed as the antithesis of democracy in the United States.
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
A type of command economy in which the government owns and operates all industries.
A form of socialism proposed by Karl Marx which intends to effect socialist reforms by advocating a revolution of the proletariat.
a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production; a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably.
a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a stateless society
an economic system based on the ownership of land, factories, and other means of production by the community as a whole or the state and in which the right of private individuals to hold property is partially or totally abolished
an economic theory or system based on the ownership of all property by the community as a whole; the final stage of socialism as formulated by Marx, Engels, Lenin and others characterized by a classless and stateless society and the equal distribution of economic goods; achieved by revolutionary and dictatorial means.
A political system derived largely from the theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ( The Communist Manifesto, 1848) in which all wealth is owned collectively and shared equally among all members of society. The People's Republic of China is one of the few remaining Communist countries today.
A social system that abolishes private ownership of property where everyone has a limit set forth on what they can earn.
A system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party.
An economic theory which stresses that the control of the means of producing economic goods in a society should reside in the hands of those who invest their labor for production. In its ideal form, social classes cease to exist, there is no coercive governmental structures, and everyone lives in abundance without supervision from a ruling class. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels popularized this theory in their 1848 Communist Manifesto.
Political ideology based on the public ownership of resources and centralized planning of the economy. Based on the philosophy of Karl Marx (1818–1883), who sought alternatives to what he saw as the exploitation of the working classes by the rise of industrialization.
a theory or system of social organisation promoting shared ownership of property and the means of production by the community as a whole or the state
a theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members of society
One of the major “isms” linking politics and political economy, communism is a system that is closely associated with the command political economy. Based on the theories of Karl Marx (1867) and others, the key to communism is the socialization of resources—the notion that the state must maintain control of a society's land, labor, and capital. Although it is primarily an economic system, communism also emphasizes an ideological commitment to economic and social equality among all of its citizens. It also posits that until such equality is achieved, government and politics must be guided powerfully by a unified leadership. Examples: Cuba; and the former Soviet Union.
Political theory advocating a society in which all property and industries are publicly owned and the state provides everyone with their basic needs. There is no profit or incentive for any individual.
(n.) -- an economic system where some group, usually the government, makes decisions about the price and characteristics of the goods and services produced. Usually, the government owns all the means of production and distribution and doles out profits. Though the government does not always give exactly equal paychecks to each citizen, communist economies show a much more egalitarian distribution of wealth than capitalist and even many socialist economies. Because of the role of the government in the economic decision-making process, communism is also taken to be a political system too. Dictators have ruled many "communist" countries in the twentieth century (1900s). Strictly speaking, however, communism does not have to be autocratic and some think only a communist economy can breed a real democracy; an association of men and women where "the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all"; the end of history because there are no more class struggles. Engels, "Socialism," (717).
a social system or political and economic doctrine that is characterised by the absence of social classes and a common ownership of the means of production, among other things
A concept or system of society in which the collective community shares ownership in resources and the means of production. In theory, such societies provide for equal sharing of all work, according to ability, and all benefits, according to need. In 1848, Karl Marx, in collaboration with Friedrich Engels, published the Communist Manifesto which provided the theoretical impetus for the Russian Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.
Political system based on the elimination of property rights and organization of labour. A form of economical state of grace. Tyranny of the few and the exploiters.
A political system to the far left, based on evolution and extreme socialism. [See National Socialism.
An economic theory which states that workers should control the tools and the raw materials used to produce goods in their society.
A system in which private ownership of property or wealth is eliminated. Instead, all goods are shared and owned by the common people, who work and live together. The most well-known Communist states are China and the former Soviet Union. Both of these show the flaws in the actual practice of Communism, most prominently the practice of a totalitarian government that owned and controlled all major industries including the media, as well as the society's education, culture, and religion (or lack of).
A collective society in which all the factors of production belong to the community.
Communism is an economic system in which all the means of production are government controlled
A political system where the government directly controls all property or wealth.
A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
political belief based on the ideas that all people should be equal, the government should own all industry and business, no one should own private property, and all people should work as hard as they can and receive all that they need in return
Rugged collectivism; dog-eat-dog socialism.
Communism is a social structure based on the common ownership of property.
Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization, based upon common ownership of the means of production. A branch of the socialist movement, communism as a political goal is generally a conjectured form of future social organization, even though Marxists have described early forms of human social organization as 'primitive communism'. Self-identified communists hold a variety of views, including Maoism, Trotskyism, council communism, Luxemburgism, anarchist communism, Christian communism, and various currents of left communism, which are generally the more widespread varieties.