Earthen ware or porcelain which has undergone the first baking, before it is subjected to the glazing.
A species of white, unglazed porcelain, in which vases, figures, and groups are formed in miniature.
Unglazed porcelain or earthenware that has been fired only once. Such ware is sometimes erroneously termed "bisque" in England and the United States. Ware deliberately left unglazed include porcelain introduced in the 1750s at the Sèvres factory in France for modeling figures and groups, perhaps because it resembled marble. Biscuit was later made elsewhere on the Continent and at the Derby factory in England about 1770.
The body of ceramics that have been fired without glaze are described as biscuit. In some cases the whole vessel is unglazed, in others certain areas have been reserved was painted with wax before the object was dipped into the vat of glaze. The glaze mixture did not adhere to the wax, but the wax burned off during firing leaving an unglazed area. Unglazed, sprig-moulded, decorative appliqués were also placed on top of the glaze on wares such as Longquan celadons, so that when fired these biscuit decorations contrasted with the glaze.
1) The body material of fired ceramics. 2) Ceramic body that has been fired without glaze. Some ceramics are fired entirely without glaze. Some ceramics have areas of their form which are free of glaze, while other areas are glazed. Such biscuit pieces/areas may be left unglazed, or they may be covered with a lower-firing glaze or enamel and fired for a second time.
Unglazed ware which has been fired once.
Pottery that has been fired once but not glazed. Also used for the unglazed white porcelain called bisque in French and adopted for statuettes, busts and decorative objects from the middle of the eighteenth century onward.
Unglazed, fired porcelain, usually left entirely undecorated.
the first firing of clay. From the French "twice fired," a reference to the preliminary firing involved in the production of the glassy frit used in French soft-paste porcelain. Biscuit firing hardens the clay in preparation for glazing. Some sculptural biscuit pieces are deliberately left unglazed and undecorated.
Fired but not yet glazed ware.
Pots which have been given a preliminary firing to make them hard enough for decoration and glazing.