A French school of the middle of the 19th century centering in the village of Barbizon near the forest of Fontainebleau. Its members went straight to nature in disregard of academic tradition, treating their subjects faithfully and with poetic feeling for color, light, and atmosphere. It is exemplified, esp. in landscapes, by Corot, Rousseau, Daubigny, Jules Dupré, and Diaz. Associated with them are certain painters of animals, as Troyon and Jaque, and of peasant life, as Millet and Jules Breton.
French landscape painters who worked around Barbizon near Paris.
French artistic movement named for the village where the painter Theodore Rousseau and a group of artists settled in 1835. The Barbizon group was not a real school, but a new development in style and culture that combined elements of seventeenth-century Dutch landscape and English traditional landscape painting with an awareness of human solitude in nature.
An association of French landscape painters, c. 1840-70, who lived in the village of Barbizon and who painted directly from nature. Theodore Rousseau was a leader; Corot and Millet were also associated with the group.
French naturalist painters who gathered in the village of Barbizon in the mid-1880's seeking a fresh approach to nature by painting on-site; Theodore Rousseau, Charles Daubigny and Francois Millet among others were the principal members.
A group of French painters who, from about 1830 to 1870, lived in or near the town of Barbizon, at the edge of the forest of Fontainebleau in France. There they painted the animals, landscapes, and people of the region. The group was distinguished by painting outdoors rather than in studios, as had generally been the practice. The work of the Barbizon painters included a wider scope of subject matter, greater realism, and fresher color than that of the other French painters of the time, who followed the traditions of historical scenes and idealized style favored by the conservative French Academy. The Barbizon painters are considered by many as the precursors of Impressionism in their informality and insistence on naturalness rather than idealism.
the name of a group of French landscape painters in the French village of Barbizon during the period about 1830 to 1880 who were the first to paint landscapes from nature rather than from memory in a studio. The approach led to realism.
A group of Naturalist plein air painters who worked in the area of the French town of Barbizon, south of Paris.
A group of French naturalist painters who lived in the village of Barbizon on the outskirts of the Forest of Fontainebleau from the 1830s. Most were landscape painters. There was no agreed-upon style but they were revolutionary because of their commitment to portraying nature as a worthwhile subject in its own right rather than romanticized and sublime. They also depicted working peasants, a subject that was also startling because it prompted a turn from gentile subjects towards social realism. The Barbizon artists are considered the first "plein-air" painters, those who painted directly in nature rather than completing their scenes in studios from sketches. (14)
French landscape artists who worked near Barbizon, France between 1835 and 1870.
The Barbizon school (circa 1830–1870) of painters is named after the village of Barbizon near Fontainebleau Forest, France, where the artists gathered.